I kappa B-mediated apoptotic gene therapy against acute myelogenous leukemia using replication-defective HSV-1 vector expressing TK and mutant I kappa B alpha

Department of Hematology, Saitama Medical School, 38 Moroyama-machi, Iruma-gun, Saitama 350-0495, Japan.
Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France) (Impact Factor: 1.23). 09/2005; 51(1):77-86.
Source: PubMed


Overexpression of NF-kappa B reportedly plays anti-apoptotic roles in the growth of AML cells. Control of AML cell growth was attempted using a replication-defective herpes simplex virus-1 vector, T0I kappa B alpha, overexpressing mutant I kappa B alpha to inhibit NF-kappa B in vitro. T0I kappa B alpha displays defective ICP4/ICP22/ICP27, isogenic thymidine kinase, and mutant I kappa B alpha. T0Z.1 expressing lacZ instead of I kappa B was used for controls. Infection of T0I kappa B alpha at 15 multiplicity of infection (MOI) with cells of AML lines, HL60, K562, and NB4 displaying >90% infection efficiency and tumor killing in vitro. Use of 10 microM of Ara-C alone was clinically equivalent to high-dose Ara-C, displaying 11% tumor killing. Neither ganciclovir (GCV) nor Ara-C enhanced T0I kappa B- alpha mediated tumor killing. Attenuation of NF-kappa B by T0I kappa B alpha was confirmed by EMSA. T0I kappa B alpha induced caspase-3 activity, with subsequent apoptosis confirmed by colorimetric and TUNEL assays. Fresh AML cells from 8 patients were infected with T0I kappa B alpha at 3 MOI, with or without GCV or 10 microM of Ara-C in vitro. Infection efficiency was 10%. T0I kappa B alpha displayed 8-15% tumor killing, superior to Ara-C in 6 of the 8 patients. Administration of Ara-C enhanced tumor killing in 5 of these 6 cases. Our results suggest that T0I kappa B alpha-mediated gene therapy induces apoptosis of AML cells in vitro.

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    ABSTRACT: To examine the expression of the inhibitor alpha of nuclear transcription factor kappaB (IkappaBalpha) mRNA expression and its sequence characteristics in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell (NPC) lines CNE1, CNE2, HNE1 and HNE2. Reverse transcription was performed with the total RNAs isolated from the NPC cell lines CNE1, CNE2, HNE1 and HNE2, as well as the transplanted tumor tissues with HNE1 cells. Then IkappaBalpha cDNA was amplified by PCR, and the products were used to examine IkappaB alpha mRNA expression and DNA sequencing, or the DNA sequencing after the products were cloned into plasmid vector. IkappaB alpha mRNA was expressed in all the 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines. DNA sequencing showed that polymorphisms and 5 mutations (A825G, A975G, G576A, A655G and C653A) existed in IkappaB cDNA from the transplanted tumor tissues with HNE1 cells, CNE1 and CNE2 cells. The expression of IkappaBalpha mRNA not only exists, but DNA polymorphisms and some additional mutations in IkappaBalpha cDNA are also detected in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.
    Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 11/2007; 32(5):758-64.

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