What's an integrationist? A study of self-identified integrative and (occasionally) eclectic psychologists

Department of Psychology, University of Scranton, Scranton, PA 18510-4596, USA.
Journal of Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.12). 12/2005; 61(12):1587-94. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20203
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined the views and practices of self-identified eclectic and integrative psychologists, particularly in the context of historical changes since 1977 and 1988. Results from 187 eclectic clinical psychologists indicated that 50% previously adhered to another theoretical orientation, the majority preferred the term integrative to eclectic, and 85% conceptualized eclecticism/integration as the endorsement of a broader orientation. The most common paths toward integration were theoretical integration, common factors, and assimilative integration, as opposed to technical eclecticism. The most frequent theoretical contributor to integrative practice was cognitive therapy.

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Available from: John C. Norcross, Sep 26, 2015
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    • "The rest of them held the opinion that young therapists should study integration from the beginning of their careers. Norcross & Halgin (2005) are probably most realistic in saying it is just as naive to expect a novice therapist to think integratively as it is to expect trainees to enter a training as tabula rasa, still devoid of any theoretical concepts of their own. "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to expand the information about the formation process of an integrative training concept. This study focuses on the formation of integrative training done by therapist‐trainers who have attained their integrative position gradually, thanks to their practice and gradual education in psychotherapy, and describes the specifics of the process.
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    • "Additional disorders might force community therapists to use more and more diverse practices, possibly accounting for their frequent self-description as ''eclectic'' (Norcross et al. 2005). In addition, the exact nature of youths' comorbid diagnoses might affect diversity and dosage. "
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the types of psychotherapeutic practices delivered to youth with comorbid and multimorbid diagnoses in community settings. The present study, based on therapists' self-reported practices with 569 youth diagnosed with a disruptive behavior disorder (ODD or CD), examined whether specific therapeutic practice applications varied as a function of the number and type of comorbid disorders. While type of comorbid disorder (AD/HD or internalizing) did not predict therapists' practices, youth with more than two diagnoses (multimorbid) received treatment characterized by a more diverse set and a higher dosage of practices.
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    • "The recent trends toward psychotherapy integration (Goldfried 2001; Norcross et al. 2005) and common factors (Duncan et al. 2010) appear to have extended into supervision (Efstation et al. 2004; Horvath 2004). Moreover, in community practice, supervisors work pragmatically. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, an approach to clinical supervision, entitled the Contextual-Functional Meta-Framework (CFM), is developed and articulated, based on a consideration of current literature and the author’s extensive practice experience. First, the context for the development of the CFM, and its formative influences, are examined, followed by a review of its six main components: the administrative context in which supervision takes place; the culture infused supervisory working alliance; nine supervisory functions; the supervisor’s and supervisee’s theory of change; the service delivery system; and the phase of counsellor development. Finally, future avenues for the model’s ongoing development and evaluation are discussed. As a meta-framework for the development of one’s personal approach to supervision, rather than a model of supervision, the CFM provides a transtheoretical heuristic for clinical supervisors to develop their personal approach the supervision.
    International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 06/2012; 35(2). DOI:10.1007/s10447-012-9168-2
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