GST genotype may modify clinical phenotype in patients with Fanconi anaemia.
ABSTRACT In the search for genetic modifiers of the Fanconi anaemia (FA) phenotype, we examined the role of polymorphism in three glutathione s-transferase genes (GSTT1, GSTM1 and GSTP1) in 356 FA patients enrolled in the International Fanconi Anaemia Registry (IFAR). Cellular sensitivity to 1,2:3,4 diepoxybutane was significantly increased in GSTT1 deleted compared with GSTT1 positive cases (median chromosomal breaks 11.1 vs. 8.3, P < 0.01) but there was no effect on clinical manifestations of FA. GSTM1 genotype significantly influenced time to bone marrow failure in complementation group FA-C, (median age 3.0 years vs. 7.0 years, P < 0.01). GSTP1 genotype did not influence FA phenotype.
Article: Fanconi anemia and its diagnosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous recessive disorder characterized by diverse congenital malformations, progressive pancytopenia, and predisposition to both hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. Congenital anomalies vary from patient to patient and may affect skeletal morphogenesis as well as any of the major organ systems. Although this highly variable phenotype makes accurate diagnosis on the basis of clinical manifestations difficult in some patients, laboratory study of chromosomal breakage induced by diepoxybutane (DEB) or other crosslinking agents provides a unique cellular marker for the diagnosis of the disorder either prenatally or postnatally. Diagnosis based on abnormal response to DNA crosslinking agents can be used to identify the pre-anemia patient as well as patients with aplastic anemia or leukemia who may or may not have the physical stigmata associated with the syndrome. This overview will present our current knowledge regarding the varied phenotypic manifestations of FA and procedures for diagnosis based upon abnormal DNA damage responses.Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 08/2009; 668(1-2):4-10. · 2.85 Impact Factor
Article: Prevalence of glutathione S-transferase gene deletions and their effect on sickle cell patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Glutathione S-transferase gene deletions are known detoxification agents and cause oxidative damage. Due to the different pathophysiology of anemia in thalassemia and sickle cell disease, there are significant differences in the pathophysiology of iron overload and iron-related complications in these disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes in sickle cell disease patients and their effect on iron status. Forty sickle cell anemia and sixty sickle ß-thalassemia patients and 100 controls were evaluated to determine the frequency of GST gene deletions. Complete blood counts were performed by an automated cell analyzer. Hemoglobin F, hemoglobin A, hemoglobin A2 and hemoglobin S were measured and diagnosis of patients was achieved by high performance liquid chromatography with DNA extraction by the phenol-chloroform method. The GST null genotype was determined using multiplex polymerase chain reaction and serum ferritin was measured using an ELISA kit. Statistical analysis was by EpiInfo and GraphPad statistics software. An increased frequency of the GSTT1 null genotype (p-value = 0.05) was seen in the patients. The mean serum ferritin level was higher in patients with the GST genotypes than in controls; this was statistically significant for all genotypes except GSTM1, however the higher levels of serum ferritin were due to blood transfusions in patients. GST deletions do not play a direct role in iron overload of sickle cell patients.Revista brasileira de hematologia e hemoterapia. 01/2012; 34(2):100-2.