The Gender Similarities Hypothesis

University of Wisconsin--Madison, Department of Psychology, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
American Psychologist (Impact Factor: 6.87). 10/2005; 60(6):581-92. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.581
Source: PubMed


The differences model, which argues that males and females are vastly different psychologically, dominates the popular media. Here, the author advances a very different view, the gender similarities hypothesis, which holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Results from a review of 46 meta-analyses support the gender similarities hypothesis. Gender differences can vary substantially in magnitude at different ages and depend on the context in which measurement occurs. Overinflated claims of gender differences carry substantial costs in areas such as the workplace and relationships.

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    • "Robust statistical meta-analysis of psychological gender tests of differences finds that some 78% of psychological gender differences are small or close to zero (Hyde, 2005). These include the finding that differences in most aspects of moral reasoning, moral orientation, and communication are either non-existent or quite small (Jaffee and Hyde, 2000; Hyde, 2005). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Testing the competing hypotheses of gender similarities theory, and the theory of gender difference among an international sample of academics in major research universities, our results support gender difference. Male academics endorse telling lies more than equivalent academic women, are more supportive of subordinate acquiescence, and hold the conformist notion that people who do not share others’ values should leave. However, within the high-performance upper tail of this data set, no significant gender differences emerged, suggesting that among lower or mediocre performers, gender-based insecurity may grow into a driver of male spite, even revenge.
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    • "Alternatively , structural location explanations might suggest that prayer is a way for people whose agency is structurally limited to exert agency ( Avishai 2008 ; Burke 2012 ) or that prayer provides a sense of security to people who are more existentially insecure ( Norris and Inglehart 2011 ) . The notion that gender differences are not innate or rooted in biology ( Bem 1983 ; Eagly and Wood 1999 ; Hyde 2005 ) has long been discussed in much greater depth outside the more recent , and more limited , discussion in the sociology of religion ( Cornwall 2009 ; Hoffman 2009 "

    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11/2015; Forthcoming. DOI:10.1111/jssr.12214 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    • "To be sure, crossdomain analyses involve more complex interpretations than single-domain analyses. However, it should be noted that the basic question of gender differences across domains has captivated both public and scientific attention for many years (e.g., Gray, 1992; Hyde, 2005 "
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    ABSTRACT: Replies to comments by Zuriff (see record 2015-45553-009) on the original article by Zell et al. (see record 2015-00137-002). The authors appreciate the commentary on their report by Zuriff (2015, this issue) and welcome the opportunity to discuss several important issues that he raises. (PsycINFO Database Record
    American Psychologist 10/2015; 70(7):664-665. DOI:10.1037/a0039590 · 6.87 Impact Factor
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