Alpha E beta 7 (CD103) expression identifies a highly active, tonsil-resident effector-memory CTL population.
ABSTRACT The characterization of antiviral CTL responses has largely been limited to assessing Ag-specific immune responses in the peripheral blood. Consequently, there is an incomplete understanding of the cellular immune responses at mucosal sites where many viruses enter and initially replicate and how the Ag specificity and activation status of CTL derived from these mucosal sites may differ from that of blood-derived CTL. In this study, we show that EBV-specific CTL responses in the tonsils are of comparable specificity and breadth but of a significantly higher magnitude compared with responses in the peripheral blood. EBV-specific, tonsil-resident, but not PBMC-derived, T cells expressed the integrin/activation marker CD103 (alphaEbeta7), consistent with the detection of its ligand, E-cadherin, on tonsillar squamous cells. These CD8-positive, CD103-positive, tonsil-derived CTL were largely CCR7- and CD45RA- negative effector-memory cells and responded to lower Ag concentrations in in vitro assays than their CD103-negative PBMC-derived counterparts. Thus, EBV-specific CTL in the tonsil, a crucial site for EBV entry and replication, are of greater magnitude and phenotypically distinct from CTL in the peripheral blood and may be important for effective control of this orally transmitted virus.
SourceAvailable from: Alexandre Bénéchet
Article: Visualizing T Cell Migration in situ[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mounting a protective immune response is critically dependent on the orchestrated movement of cells within lymphoid tissues. The structure of secondary lymphoid organs regulates immune responses by promoting optimal cell–cell and cell–extracellular matrix interactions. Naïve T cells are initially activated by antigen presenting cells in secondary lymphoid organs. Following priming, effector T cells migrate to the site of infection to exert their functions. Majority of the effector cells die while a small population of antigen-specific T cells persists as memory cells in distinct anatomical locations. The persistence and location of memory cells in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues is critical to protect the host from re-infection. The localization of memory T cells is carefully regulated by several factors including the highly organized secondary lymphoid structure, the cellular expression of chemokine receptors and compartmentalized secretion of their cognate ligands. This balance between the anatomy and the ordered expression of cell surface and soluble proteins regulates the subtle choreography of T cell migration. In recent years, our understanding of cellular dynamics of T cells has been advanced by the development of new imaging techniques allowing in situ visualization of T cell responses. Here, we review the past and more recent studies that have utilized sophisticated imaging technologies to investigate the migration dynamics of naïve, effector, and memory T cells.Frontiers in Immunology 07/2014; 5. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2014.00363
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ABSTRACT: We had previously demonstrated the role of CD103 integrin on lung tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) clones in promoting specific TCR-mediated epithelial tumor cell cytotoxicity. However, the contribution of CD103 on intratumoral T cell distribution and functions and the prognosis significance of TIL subpopulations in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) have thus far not been systematically addressed. In this study, we show that an enhanced CD103(+) TIL subset correlates with improved early stage NSCLC patient survival and increased intraepithelial lymphocyte infiltration. Moreover, our results indicate that CD8(+)CD103(+) TIL, freshly isolated from NSCLC specimens, display transcriptomic and phenotypic signatures characteristic of tissue-resident memory T cells and frequently express PD-1 and Tim-3 checkpoint receptors. This TIL subset also displays increased activation-induced cell death and mediates specific cytolytic activity toward autologous tumor cells upon blockade of the PD-1-PD-L1 interaction. These findings emphasize the role of CD8(+)CD103(+) tissue-resident memory T cells in promoting intratumoral CTL responses and support the rationale for using anti-PD-1 blocking Ab to reverse tumor-induced T cell exhaustion in NSCLC patients. Copyright © 2015 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
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ABSTRACT: To improve the current knowledge on the involvement of peripheral lymphocytes in hepatitis E virus (HEV) associated pathogenesis, we analyzed alterations in (1) immunophenotypic expressions (by flow cytometry) and (2) gene expression patterns (by TaqMan Low Density Array) of activatory, inhibitory, integrin, homing, ectonucleotidase machinery, costimulatory, inflammatory markers, and T regulatory cells (Treg) associated cytokines on HEV rORF2p stimulated and unstimulated PBMCs of 43 acute HEV patients, 30 recovered individuals, and 43 controls. The phenotypic expressions of key molecules CTLA-4, GITR, CD103, CD25, CD69, IL10 and TGF- β 1 in the acute patients and TGF- β 1 in the recovered individuals were significantly elevated on both unstimulated and stimulated PBMCs. Gene expression array data revealed upregulations of CD25, PD1, CD103, CCR4, IL10, and TGF- β 1 on both unstimulated and HEV rORF2p stimulated PBMCs of acute patients. The observed upregulations of inhibitory, integrin, activatory, and Treg-associated cytokine genes on the PBMCs of acute HEV patients complemented by their frequency data suggest them as the major players in the fine-tuning of immune response in self-limiting hepatitis E infection.Research Journal of Immunology 01/2014; 2014:565284. DOI:10.1155/2014/565284