Article

The External RNA Controls Consortium: a progress report.

Illumina, Inc., 9885 Towne Centre Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA.
Nature Methods (Impact Factor: 25.95). 11/2005; 2(10):731-4. DOI: 10.1038/nmeth1005-731
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Standard controls and best practice guidelines advance acceptance of data from research, preclinical and clinical laboratories by providing a means for evaluating data quality. The External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC) is developing commonly agreed-upon and tested controls for use in expression assays, a true industry-wide standard control.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Elizabeth Ann Wagar, Apr 11, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
296 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-throughput sequencing of cDNA (RNA-seq) is a widely deployed transcriptome profiling and annotation technique, but questions about the performance of different protocols and platforms remain. We used a newly developed pool of 96 synthetic RNAs with various lengths, and GC content covering a 2(20) concentration range as spike-in controls to measure sensitivity, accuracy, and biases in RNA-seq experiments as well as to derive standard curves for quantifying the abundance of transcripts. We observed linearity between read density and RNA input over the entire detection range and excellent agreement between replicates, but we observed significantly larger imprecision than expected under pure Poisson sampling errors. We use the control RNAs to directly measure reproducible protocol-dependent biases due to GC content and transcript length as well as stereotypic heterogeneity in coverage across transcripts correlated with position relative to RNA termini and priming sequence bias. These effects lead to biased quantification for short transcripts and individual exons, which is a serious problem for measurements of isoform abundances, but that can partially be corrected using appropriate models of bias. By using the control RNAs, we derive limits for the discovery and detection of rare transcripts in RNA-seq experiments. By using data collected as part of the model organism and human Encyclopedia of DNA Elements projects (ENCODE and modENCODE), we demonstrate that external RNA controls are a useful resource for evaluating sensitivity and accuracy of RNA-seq experiments for transcriptome discovery and quantification. These quality metrics facilitate comparable analysis across different samples, protocols, and platforms.
    Genome Research 08/2011; 21(9):1543-51. DOI:10.1101/gr.121095.111 · 13.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lignocellulosic biomass conversion inhibitors, furfural and HMF, inhibit microbial growth and interfere with subsequent fermentation of ethanol, posing significant challenges for a sustainable cellulosic ethanol conversion industry. Numerous yeast genes were found to be associated with the inhibitor tolerance. However, limited knowledge is available about mechanisms of the tolerance and the detoxification of the biomass conversion inhibitors. Using a robust standard for absolute mRNA quantification assay and a recently developed tolerant ethanologenic yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae NRRL Y-50049, we investigate pathway-based transcription profiles relevant to the yeast tolerance and the inhibitor detoxification. Under the synergistic inhibitory challenges by furfural and HMF, Y-50049 was able to withstand the inhibitor stress, in situ detoxify furfural and HMF, and produce ethanol, while its parental control Y-12632 failed to function till 65 h after incubation. The tolerant strain Y-50049 displayed enriched genetic background with significantly higher abundant of transcripts for at least 16 genes than a non-tolerant parental strain Y-12632. The enhanced expression of ZWF1 appeared to drive glucose metabolism in favor of pentose phosphate pathway over glycolysis at earlier steps of glucose metabolisms. Cofactor NAD(P)H generation steps were likely accelerated by enzymes encoded by ZWF1, GND1, GND2, TDH1, and ALD4. NAD(P)H-dependent aldehyde reductions including conversion of furfural and HMF, in return, provided sufficient NAD(P)(+) for NAD(P)H regeneration in the yeast detoxification pathways. Enriched genetic background and a well maintained redox balance through reprogrammed expression responses of Y-50049 were accountable for the acquired tolerance and detoxification of furfural to furan methanol and HMF to furan dimethanol. We present significant gene interactions and regulatory networks involved in NAD(P)H regenerations and functional aldehyde reductions under the inhibitor stress.
    Molecular Genetics and Genomics 07/2009; 282(3):233-44. DOI:10.1007/s00438-009-0461-7 · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DNA microarray technologies are used in a variety of biological disciplines. The diversity of platforms and analytical methods employed has raised concerns over the reliability, reproducibility and correlation of data produced across the different approaches. Initial investigations (years 2000-2003) found discrepancies in the gene expression measures produced by different microarray technologies. Increasing knowledge and control of the factors that result in poor correlation among the technologies has led to much higher levels of correlation among more recent publications (years 2004 to present). Here, we review the studies examining the correlation among microarray technologies. We find that with improvements in the technology (optimization and standardization of methods, including data analysis) and annotation, analysis across platforms yields highly correlated and reproducible results. We suggest several key factors that should be controlled in comparing across technologies, and are good microarray practice in general.
    Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 06/2007; 48(5):380-94. DOI:10.1002/em.20290 · 2.55 Impact Factor