Hepatic steatosis in Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy.
ABSTRACT Characterization of familial clusters of subjects with metabolic derangements predisposing to hepatic steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis could facilitate genomic studies to identify risk factors for their development. Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder caused by mutations in the LMNA gene. Affected subjects have loss of subcutaneous fat from the extremities and symptoms similar to those characterizing the metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of steatosis in subjects with FPLD.
We examined 18 subjects from six families with FPLD for mutations in LMNA and analyzed plasma lipid and serum glucose concentrations. Liver ultrasound and serum aminotransferase activities were used as indicators of steatosis or steatohepatitis. In two subjects, histological examination of hepatic tissue was performed.
All subjects had FPLD-causing mutations in LMNA. Plasma lipids were measured in 17 subjects, 16 of whom had hyperlipidemia and 14 presented with either documented insulin resistance or diabetes mellitus. Hepatic steatosis was present in 15 subjects who had ultrasound examinations and 9 of these had elevated serum aminotransferase activities. Liver biopsy confirmed steatosis in 2 subjects.
Hepatic steatosis is part of the clinical phenotype of FPLD. This familial disorder may provide a human metabolic model system to facilitate genomic and environmental studies to determine risk factors for hepatic steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
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ABSTRACT: This report highlights the metabolic, endocrine and cardiovascular comorbidities in a case of familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), and also evaluates the efficacy and safety of metformin therapy. Mutational analysis was carried out of the LMNA gene in a teenage girl with an FPLD phenotype. Insulin resistance, sex hormones and metabolic parameters were also evaluated, and echocardiography, electrocardiography and 24-h blood pressure monitoring were also done. The patient showed atypical fat distribution, insulin resistance and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Physical examination revealed muscle hypertrophy with a paucity of fat in the extremities, trunk and gluteal regions, yet excess fat deposits in the face, neck and dorsal cervical region. LMNA sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation (c.1543A>G) in exon 9, leading to substitution of lysine by glutamic acid at position 515 (K515E). Moderate hypertension and secondary polycystic ovary syndrome were also assessed. Treatment with metformin resulted in progressive improvement of metabolic status, while blood pressure values normalized with atenolol therapy. Very rapid and good results with no side-effects were achieved with metformin therapy for FPLD. The association of an unusual mutation in the LMNA gene was also described.Diabetes & Metabolism 01/2014; 40(3). DOI:10.1016/j.diabet.2013.12.008 · 2.85 Impact Factor
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