Immunogenicity and protective effect of a DNA construct encoding certain neutralizing epitopes of herpes simplex virus type-1 glycoprotein B.

Department of Virology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
Folia biologica (Impact Factor: 1.22). 02/2005; 51(4):109-13.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Much attention is presently focused on the vaccination with certain epitopes of an antigen. To further study the ability of neutralizing epitopes mapped in the first 1515 nucleotides of glycoprotein B of herpes simplex virus type-1 (gB-1) to induce neutralizing antibodies, a DNA immunization approach was employed. Vaccination of mice with a plasmid expressing the neutralizing epitopes induced humoral immune responses, although the antibody titre was significantly lower than that of antibodies induced by the full-length gB-1 gene. Furthermore, the plasmid DNA could not protect the mice against HSV-1 lethal challenge, but could significantly prolong the survival time compared to mock-vaccinated group.

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    ABSTRACT: Although CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope-based DNA vaccination is valuable experience on vaccine research but many attempts are still continued to achieve acceptable protective response. To study the role of full length antigen in CTL epitope immunization, we evaluated cellular immunity of diverse patterns of complete Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein B (gB) and the immunodominant CTL epitope (498-505) DNA injection in C57BL/6 mice. Optimal immune response was observed in the group immunized with the full length of gB in the first injection and CTL epitope in the second and third vaccination as assessed by lymphocyte proliferation assay (MTT), cytokine assay (ELISA) and CTL assay. B cell and spatially CD4+ T cell epitopes in full length protein might be important for appropriate priming of CTL immune response. These findings may have important implication for the improvement of CTL epitope based DNA vaccine against HSV and other pathogens.
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    ABSTRACT: Studies on efficacy of various vaccines that prevent or reduce the primary and recurrent HSV-1 infection have demonstrated the importance of cellular immunity for protection against the infection. We previously used DNA vaccination to induce cellular immunity against HSV-1 infection in mice. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of LIGHT; a member of TNF super family, on the kinetic of CTL response induced by HSV-1 glycoprotein B based DNA vaccine. Using a granzyme B ELISA for detection and analysis of CD8+ T cells, CTL activity was determined in the spleen of BALB/c mice at various time points after primary and booster dose of vaccination. The kinetics of CTL response to primary and secondary HSV-1 infection and DNA vaccination were compared to those induced by DNA vaccination in combination with LIGHT adjuvant in the present study. In primary and secondary immunization, the CTL activity in the HSV injected group peaked 7 days and 12 hours post immunization, respectively. After 5 days, LIGHT could neither accelerate the CTL response compared to DNA vaccination alone nor could enhance the CTL activity in the primary and the first peak of memory response, the amount of granzyme B induced by the LIGHT containing vaccine was significantly higher than that induced by the vaccine without the adjuvant. Although LIGHT enhances the cellular response in the booster dose of vaccination, it does not accelerate the CTL response.
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