Determination of cryptotanshinone and its metabolite in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT A sensitive and selective LC-MS-MS method has been developed and validated for the determination of cryptotanshinone (CTS) and its active metabolite tanshinone II A (TS II A) in rat plasma using fenofibrate (FOFB) as internal standard. Liquid-liquid extraction was used for sample preparation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters symmetry ODS column using methanol and water (85:15) as mobile phase delivered at 1.0 mL/min. LC-MS-MS analysis was carried out on a Finnigan LC-TSQ Quantum mass spectrometer using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and positive multiple reaction monitoring. Ions monitored were m/z 297.0--> 251.0 for CTS, m/z 295.0--> 249.0 for TS II A, and m/z 361.1--> 233.0 for FOFB with argon at a pressure of 0.2 Pa and collision energy of 25 eV for collision-induced dissociation (CID). The assay was linear over the range 0.1-20 ng/mL for CTS and 0.2-15 ng/mL for TS II A. The average recoveries of CTS and TS II A from rat plasma were 93.7 and 94.7%, respectively. The established method has been applied in a pharmacokinetic study of CTS in rats.
Article: Tanshinone IIB, a primary active constituent from Salvia miltiorrhza, exhibits neuro-protective activity in experimentally stroked rats[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tanshinone IIB (TSB) is a major active constituent of the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) used in the treatment of acute stroke. Danshen extracts and TSB have shown marked neuron-protective effects in mouse studies but there is a lack of clinical evidence for the neuron-protective effects of Danshen and its active ingredients. This study investigated the neuron-protective effects of TSB in experimentally stroked rats. TSB at 5 and 25 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection significantly reduced the focal infarct volume, cerebral histological damage and apoptosis in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) compared to MCAO rats receiving vehicle. This study demonstrated that TSB was effective in reducing stroke-induced brain damage and may represent a novel drug candidate for further development. Further mechanistic studies are needed for the neuron-protective activity of TSB.Neuroscience Letters 05/2007; · 2.11 Impact Factor