Article

Epidemiology of chronic dacryocystitis and success rate of external dacryocystorhinostomy in Nepal.

Department of Ophthalmology, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Sunsari, Nepal.
Orbit 06/2005; 24(2):79-82. DOI: 10.1080/01676830490916073
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To study the epidemiology of chronic dacryocystitis and the success rate of external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in Nepal. Patients and
This is a retrospective descriptive and interventional case series. A total of 662 records of patients with chronic dacryocystitis due to nasolacrimal duct obstruction, who were treated by means of external DCR without bicanalicular silastic tube intubation, were studied.
Mean for age with standard deviation and confidence intervals were calculated. The significance of the difference in means was calculated using the unpaired t-test.
Of 662 patients, 67.6% were female. The mean age of the patients was 27.4 +/- 13.7 years (SE = 0.53, 95% CI = 26.34-28.46). Chronic dacryocystitis due to nasolacrimal duct obstruction was found in 86 patients (13.0%) from the high hills (mean age = 35.3 +/- 11.4 years, 95% CI = 32.85-37.75), but most patients (576, 87.0%) were from the subtropical lowlands with a monsoon climate (mean age = 26.9 +/- 13.3 years, 95% CI = 25.8-28.0; p = < 0.01). An overall success rate of 88.6% (89.8% for high-hill patients and 87.4% for those from the lowlands) was obtained after DCR.
Chronic dacryocystitis is more common in the subtropical plains of Nepal with a monsoon climate than in the high hills. It is predominantly found in pre-menopausal females. External DCR without bicanalicular silastic tube intubation is an effective method for treating chronic dacryocystitis due to NLDO in these patients.

0 Followers
 · 
161 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and duct. It is an important cause of ocular morbidity, both in children and in adults.
    Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 05/2012; 6(4):652-655. · 0.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: chronic dacryocystitis is a common ophthalmic problem almost always requiring surgery as the only definitive treatment. to compare the perioperative outcome of external DCR surgery under local anesthesia with and without sedation. one hundred consecutive patients with chronic dacryocystitis undergoing dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery were randomly divided into two groups using computer generated random table. Group A underwent DCR under local anesthesia (LA) without sedation and group B under LA with sedation. The outcome parameters were intra-operative pain, surgeon's comfort, intra-operative complications and duration of surgery. SPSS version 11.5 software was used. Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the groups. there were 50 patients in each group. The mean age +/- SD of the patients was 34.4 +/- 12.12 years (95% CI=28.89-38.55 years). Sixty-nine percent of them were female. Significantly higher number of patients experienced pain in Group A as compared to Group B (100% vs 50%, P<0.001) Surgeon's discomfort was significantly present in group A as compared to group B (70% vs 10%), (p=0.00001). Blood loss was significantly more in group A than in group B (p=0.017). There was no significant difference in the duration of surgery. The post operative success rate in both the groups was comparable after six months of followup. the use of sedation with LA improves the perioperative outcome of DCR surgery in terms of patient's pain, surgeon's comfort and intra-operative complications.
    09/2010; 1(1):25-31. DOI:10.3126/nepjoph.v1i1.3670
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to study the incidence and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with actinomycotic canaliculitis in Iceland. We present a nationwide, retrospective case series for which cases were identified by searches of hospital diagnostic registries and pathology databases. Case histories were reviewed and histopathological analysis repeated to confirm the diagnosis. Nine cases of actinomycotic canaliculitis were diagnosed in Iceland during 1988-2007. Subjects included six women and three men and represented 16% of all patients diagnosed with actinomycosis in the country. The incidence was 0.16 cases/100 000 inhabitants/year. Age-specific incidence rates were 0.59 cases/100 000 inhabitants/year for the 40-59-year-old age group and 1.37 cases/100 000 inhabitants/year for individuals aged 60-79 years. All patients underwent a three-way snip procedure and 1 week of topical antibacterial therapy. Actinomycotic canaliculitis is an uncommon condition which frequently eludes diagnosis. Topical antibiotics for 1 week may be sufficient following surgery, a finding which contrasts with previous reports.
    Acta ophthalmologica 01/2009; 88(3):367-70. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2008.01367.x · 2.51 Impact Factor