In a study of long-term (mean=32.5 months) analytic group psychotherapy we explored the relationships among six predictors shown to influence outcome in short-term group studies and five outcome variables (Global Assessment of Functioning [GAF], Global Symptom Index [GSI], Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex [IIP-C], Global Improvement, and Chief Complaints), assessed after termination of therapy. In this study, we wanted to test whether the same variables also predicted patients' status at follow-up, 1 year after termination. Bivariate correlations and multiple regression analyses were used. Initial status and treatment duration up to 2.5 years turned out to be strong positive predictors of status at both time points. Contrary to findings from many short-term studies, presence of personality disorder, high initial severity, chronicity, and less optimistic expectations had no predictive power at either time. Higher age predicted a less favourable status at follow-up in secondary exploratory analyses. The findings suggest that different patients may benefit from long-term versus short-term group psychotherapy. More studies should examine patient aptitude and the significance of the time factor (Aptitude-Treatment Interaction [ATI-effects]).
"These results are in agreement with numerous studies conducted in the past years and documenting the efficacy of in-patient group psychotherapy and short-term group psychotherapy in different areas of indication , , . In military patient collectives, too, it was possible to achieve positive changes by taking depth psychological, eclectic, or interactive approaches , , . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: This study is to assess the efficacy of short-term group psychotherapy rooted in depth psychology for Bundeswehr soldiers suffering from depressive, neurotic, stress, or personality disorders.
Method: 103 participants in the in-patient, closed group setting were evaluated prospectively and compared with a non-randomized waitlisted control group.
Results: In all relevant SCL-90-R (Symptom-Check-List-90) and MMPI-K (Minnesota-Multiphasic-Personality-Inventory short-form) scales therapy resulted in significant improvements as compared with the initial values. The control group did not show any significant changes, the therapy group was significantly superior to the control group in the scales of MMPI-K and the GSI-Scale of the SCL-90-R. For soldiers with a stress-reactive disorder (F43), no differences in efficacy could be identified compared with the other diagnosis groups.
Conclusion: The results were considered to indicate that in-patient, short-term group psychotherapy may, in combination with additional setting components, be helpful in improving psychological symptoms in German soldiers. The indication range of group therapy offered to Bundeswehr soldiers should be expanded to also include primary prophylaxis and the treatment of mental-health problems following deployments abroad, if applicable.
"As they focus more on family and nonwork activities (life balance) their awareness of stress and desire to change is reinforced. This explanation is also supported by research on predictors for positive outcome for other psychodynamic-based helping relationships (Crits-Christoph & Luborsky, 1990; Horowitz, Rosenberg & Kalehzan, 1992, Lorentzen & Høglend, 2005). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article reviews psychotherapy studies published between 2003 and 2006 directed at psychotherapy for personality disorders (PDs). Over the past 3 years, there has been a substantial increase in these studies compared with previous decades. Psychodynamic therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and variants of these approaches have been evaluated and shown to have positive results. Borderline personality disorder continues to garner the most attention and has been shown to respond favorably to several types of therapeutic interventions on a range of outcomes. Avoidant personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder also respond positively to psychotherapy. Although growing attention to the treatment of PDs is encouraging, further research is indicated. A summary of recent empirical findings and their implications for clinical practice are discussed.
Current Psychiatry Reports 03/2007; 9(1):46-52. DOI:10.1007/s11920-007-0009-7 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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