Article

Interference with AI-2-mediated bacterial cell-cell communication.

Department of Molecular Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1014, USA.
Nature (Impact Factor: 42.35). 10/2005; 437(7059):750-3. DOI: 10.1038/nature03960
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bacteria communicate by means of chemical signal molecules called autoinducers. This process, called quorum sensing, allows bacteria to count the members in the community and to alter gene expression synchronously across the population. Quorum-sensing-controlled processes are often crucial for successful bacterial--host relationships--both symbiotic and pathogenic. Most quorum-sensing autoinducers promote intraspecies communication, but one autoinducer, called AI-2, is produced and detected by a wide variety of bacteria and is proposed to allow interspecies communication. Here we show that some species of bacteria can manipulate AI-2 signalling and interfere with other species' ability to assess and respond correctly to changes in cell population density. AI-2 signalling, and the interference with it, could have important ramifications for eukaryotes in the maintenance of normal microflora and in protection from pathogenic bacteria.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
172 Views
  • Frontiers in Bioscience 01/2011; 16(1):1768. DOI:10.2741/3820 · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The human pathogen Vibrio cholerae normally enters the developmental program of natural competence for transformation after colonizing chitinous surfaces. Natural competence is regulated by at least three pathways in this organism: chitin sensing/degradation, quorum sensing and carbon catabolite repression (CCR). The cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) receptor protein CRP, which is the global regulator of CCR, binds to regulatory DNA elements called CRP sites when in complex with cAMP. Previous studies in Haemophilus influenzae suggested that the CRP protein binds competence-specific CRP-S sites under competence-inducing conditions, most likely in concert with the master regulator of transformation Sxy/TfoX.ResultsIn this study, we investigated the regulation of the competence genes qstR and comEA as an example of the complex process that controls competence gene activation in V. cholerae. We identified previously unrecognized putative CRP-S sites upstream of both genes. Deletion of these motifs significantly impaired natural transformability. Moreover, site-directed mutagenesis of these sites resulted in altered gene expression. This altered gene expression also correlated directly with protein levels, bacterial capacity for DNA uptake, and natural transformability.Conclusions Based on the data provided in this study we suggest that the identified sites are important for the expression of the competence genes qstR and comEA and therefore for natural transformability of V. cholerae even though the motifs might not reflect bona fide CRP-S sites.
    BMC Microbiology 12/2014; 14(1):2. DOI:10.1186/s12866-014-0327-y · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacteria are able to sense an increase in population density and can respond to it by coordinated regulation of the expression of certain sets of genes in the total population of bacteria. This specific mode of regulation is known as Quorum Sensing (QS). The QS systems include low-molecular-weight signaling molecules of different chemical nature and the regulatory proteins that interact with the signaling molecules. The QS systems are global regulators of bacterial gene expression. They play an important role in controlling metabolic processes in bacteria. This review describes QS systems in members of the bacterial family Enterobacteriaceae functioning with the involvement of various signaling molecules, including N-acyl-homoserine lactones, AI-2, AI-3, peptides, and indole. The differences of the QS system in these bacteria from those in other taxonomic groups of bacteria are discussed. Data on the role of different types of QS systems in the regulation of different cellular processes in bacteria, i.e., their virulence, the synthesis of enzymes and antibiotics, biofilm formation, apoptosis, etc. are presented.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 04/2014; 50(4):323-340. DOI:10.1134/S1022795414030120 · 0.41 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
2 Downloads
Available from