DYT1 mutation in a cohort of Taiwanese primary dystonias.
ABSTRACT To investigate the DYT1 gene mutation in Chinese ethnic, we examined a series of 200 patients with primary dystonias (11 familial and 189 sporadic), 53 of their asymptomatic relatives, 97 patients with familial or early-onset parkinsonism, and 200 healthy subjects. The GAG deletion at codon 946 was only found in three sporadic dystonia patients and seven of their asymptomatic familial members. The frequency of GAG deletion was 1.5% in dystonia patients, and was 6.7% in early-onset dystonias (< or = 26 years). We conclude that DYT1 mutation is a minor cause of primary dystonias in a cohort of Taiwanese population.
- Movement Disorders - MOVEMENT DISORD. 01/2002; 17(2):339-345.
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ABSTRACT: DYT1 dystonia is a severe form of young-onset dystonia caused by a mutation in the gene that encodes for the protein torsinA, which is thought to play a role in protein transport and degradation. We describe, for the first time to our knowledge, perinuclear inclusion bodies in the midbrain reticular formation and periaqueductal gray in four clinically documented and genetically confirmed DYT1 patients but not in controls. The inclusions were located within cholinergic and other neurons in the pedunculopontine nucleus, cuneiform nucleus, and griseum centrale mesencephali and stained positively for ubiquitin, torsinA, and the nuclear envelope protein lamin A/C. No evidence of inclusion body formation was detected in the substantia nigra pars compacta, striatum, hippocampus, or selected regions of the cerebral cortex. We also noted tau/ubiquitin-immunoreactive aggregates in pigmented neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta and locus coeruleus in all four DYT1 dystonia cases, but not in controls. This study supports the notion that DYT1 dystonia is associated with impaired protein handling and the nuclear envelope. The role of the pedunculopontine and cuneiform nuclei, and related brainstem brainstem structures, in mediating motor activity and controlling muscle tone suggests that alterations in these structures could underlie the pathophysiology of DYT1 dystonia [corrected]Annals of Neurology 11/2004; 56(4):540-7. · 11.19 Impact Factor
- Neurogenetics 11/2002; 4(2):105-6. · 3.58 Impact Factor