Hepatocyte growth factor as well as vascular endothelial growth factor gene induction effectively promotes liver regeneration after hepatectomy in Solt-Farber rats.
ABSTRACT Hepatic oval cells play an important role in liver regeneration when proliferation of mature hepatocytes is inhibited. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on proliferation of oval cells in the Solt-Farber rat model.
One hour after 70% partial hepatectomy, 2-acetyl-aminofluorene-induced damaged rats were infected intravenously with recombinant adenoviral vectors, encoding rat HGF or human VEGF, or Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase as a control.
The plasma HGF concentrations in the HGF-transferred rats were elevated compared with the other groups at 4 and 7 days after hepatectomy. Oval cells were confirmed by positive staining of both cytokeratin-19 and alpha-fetoprotein. Oval cells around the portal tracts in the HGF or VEGF-transferred rats increased in number compared with the control rats at 7 and 9 days after hepatectomy. The proliferating cell nuclear antigen labeling indices of oval cells and the hepatic regeneration rate after hepatectomy were significantly augmented by the HGF or VEGF treatment. Moreover, cyclin E expression was elevated in the HGF-treated rats.
In the Solt-Farber rat model, HGF or VEGF gene injection effectively promoted liver regeneration after hepatectomy mainly with increased proliferation of hepatic oval cells.
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ABSTRACT: The identification of putative liver stem cells has brought closer the previously separate fields of liver development, regeneration, and carcinogenesis. Significant overlaps in the regulation of these processes are now being described. For example, studies in embryonic liver development have already provided the basis for directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells into hepatocyte-like cells. As a result, the understanding of the cell biology of proliferation and differentiation in the liver has been improved. This knowledge can be used to improve the function of hepatocyte-like cells for drug testing, bioartificial livers, and transplantation. In parallel, the mechanisms regulating cancer cell biology are now clearer, providing fertile soil for novel therapeutic approaches. Recognition of the relationships between development, regeneration, and carcinogenesis, and the increasing evidence for the role of stem cells in all of these areas, has sparked fresh enthusiasm in understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms and has led to new targeted therapies for liver cirrhosis and primary liver cancers.Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 01/2010; 2010:984248. · 2.44 Impact Factor