Serotype-selective, small-molecule inhibitors of the zinc endopeptidase of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A

Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.95). 02/2006; 14(2):395-408. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2005.08.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Botulinum neurotoxin serotype A (BoNTA) is one of the most toxic substances known. Currently, there is no antidote to BoNTA. Small molecules identified from high-throughput screening reportedly inhibit the endopeptidase--the zinc-bound, catalytic domain of BoNTA--at a drug concentration of 20 microM. However, optimization of these inhibitors is hampered by challenges including the computational evaluation of the ability of a zinc ligand to compete for coordination with nearby residues in the active site of BoNTA. No improved inhibitor of the endopeptidase has been reported. This article reports the development of a serotype-selective, small-molecule inhibitor of BoNTA with a K(i) of 12 microM. This inhibitor was designed to coordinate the zinc ion embedded in the active site of the enzyme for affinity and to interact with a species-specific residue in the active site for selectivity. It is the most potent small-molecule inhibitor of BoNTA reported to date. The results suggest that multiple molecular dynamics simulations using the cationic dummy atom approach are useful to structure-based design of zinc protease inhibitors.


Available from: Alfonso T Garcia-Sosa, May 09, 2015
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