Article

Worries about modernity predict symptom complaints after environmental pesticide spraying.

Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Psychosomatic Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.09). 01/2005; 67(5):778-82. DOI: 10.1097/01.psy.0000181277.48575.a4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Concerns about environmental and technological changes affecting health have been shown to be associated with symptom reports in cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate how worries about modernity affecting health, negative affectivity, and prior symptom complaints influence health complaints after environmental spraying in a prospective study.
Two hundred ninety-two residents of West Auckland completed questionnaires measuring recent symptoms, negative affect, and concerns about the effects of modernity on health before aerial spraying of their neighborhood with Foray 48B. After spraying, 181 residents (62%) returned a follow-up questionnaire measuring symptoms, spray-avoidance behavior, and the perceived effect of the spray program on health.
The number of symptoms reported after the spray was most closely related to the number of symptoms reported at baseline (beta = 0.40, p = .0001). Higher levels of modern health worries (beta = 0.23, p = .001) and baseline symptoms (beta = 0.17, p < .05) were associated with a higher number of symptoms being attributed to the spray program. Modern health worries also predicted avoidance behavior during the spraying times (beta = 0.32, p = .001) and the belief that the health of participants and the health of their children and pets was affected by the spray (all p < .01).
Worries about aspects of modern life affecting health can strongly influence the attribution of symptoms and beliefs about health effects after environmental incidents.

0 Followers
 · 
112 Views
  • Source
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research 01/2008; 64(1):11-12. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.08.016 · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate how hypochondriacal attitudes and beliefs, attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and modern health worries (MHWs) related to patient satisfaction with their general practitioner. Participants completed a five-part questionnaire anonymously which measured satisfaction with one's doctor, hypochondriacal beliefs, attitudes to CAM, MHWs and personality. England. Included 215 adults from a variety of cultural backgrounds. The Illness Attitudes Scales measuring the attitudes, fears and beliefs associated with hypochondriasis; Worry about Illness; Concerns about Pain, Health Habits, Hypochondriacal beliefs; Thanatophobia, Disease phobia, Bodily preoccupations; Treatment experience and Effects of symptoms. Correlations (around r = .10 to .25) and Regressions (R square from .06 to .09) showed demographic and personality variables only modestly related to patient satisfaction. Hypochondriasis, CAM and MHWs were associated with greater patient dissatisfaction as predicted with the former as the most powerful correlate. The study indicates the different needs of potential patients in a typical medical consultation. It is important to ascertain patients' health beliefs and practices with regard to medical history, attitudes to CAM and MHWs to increase consultation satisfaction.
    11/2014; 5(11):2054270414551659. DOI:10.1177/2054270414551659
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is public concern about the potential health effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) of high-voltage power lines (HVPLs). Some residents living near HVPLs believe ELF-EMF might cause non-specific health complaints. The present study is the first to prospectively investigate whether self-reported health complaints and causal beliefs increase after the construction of a new power line. We used a quasi-experimental design with two pretests before and two posttests after a new HVPL was put into operation. Residents living near (0-300m, n=229; 300-500m, n=489) and farther away (500-2000m, n=536) participated in the study. Linear mixed models were fitted to test whether symptom reports and beliefs that power lines caused health complaints increased more in residents living close to the new line compared to residents living farther away. A significantly (p<.05) larger increase from baseline in symptom reports and causal beliefs was found in residents living within 300m from the new power line when compared to residents living farther away. While symptom reports did not differ at baseline, the belief that a power line could cause these symptoms was at baseline already stronger for residents living close compared to residents living farther away. We found a negative impact of a new HVPL on health perceptions of nearby residents, even before the line was put into operation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Environmental Research 02/2015; 138C:112-117. DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.009 · 3.95 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
55 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014