Enhanced oral bioavailability of ibuprofen in rats by poloxamer gel using poloxamer 188 and menthol.
ABSTRACT To improve the oral bioavailability of poorly water-soluble ibuprofen with poloxamer and menthol, the effects of menthol and poloxamer 188 on the aqueous solubility of ibuprofen were investigated. The dissolution and pharmacokinetic study of ibuprofen delivered by the ibuprofen-loaded preparations composed of poloxamer 188 and menthol were then performed. In the absence of poloxamer, the solubility of ibuprofen increased until the ratio of menthol to ibuprofen increased from 0:10 to 4:6 followed by an abrupt decrease in solubility above the ratio of 4:6, indicating that four parts menthol formed eutectic mixture with six parts ibuprofen. In the presence of poloxamer, the solutions with the same ratio of menthol to ibuprofen showed an abrupt increase in the solubility of ibuprofen. The poloxamer gel with menthol/ibuprofen ratio of 1:9 and higher than 15% poloxamer 188 showed the maximum solubility of ibuprofen, 1.2 mg/mL. The simultaneous addition of menthol and poloxamer 188 significantly improved the dissolution rates of ibuprofen from aqueous solution due to the ibuprofen solubility-improving effect of menthol in the presence of poloxamer. Furthermore, the ibuprofen-loaded preparation with menthol and poloxamer 188 gave significantly higher initial plasma concentrations, Cmax, and AUC of ibuprofen than did the preparation without menthol and poloxamer 188, indicating that the simultaneous addition of menthol and poloxamer 188 could improve the oral bioavailability of ibuprofen in rats. In modern pain management it is always desirable for the ibuprofen-loaded preparation with poloxamer 188 and menthol to show a rapid onset of action with a minimal phase of lag time to feel the decreased pain. From an industry point of view, it is more desirable for a formulation to be fast acting, easy to use, and cost effective. Thus, the ibuprofen-loaded preparation with poloxamer 188 and menthol was a more effective oral dosage form for poorly water-soluble ibuprofen.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The microemulsion concept was introduced in 1943 by Hoar and Schulman. Self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (S(M)EDDS) are much more recent and can be described as isotropic solutions of oils and surfactants that form oil-in-water O/W microemulsions when they are poured into an aqueous medium. When they are presented as soft capsules for oral delivery, S(M)EDDS have the ability to considerably improve the intestinal absorption of agents that are incorporated into the S(M)EDDS. Forty percent of newly discovered drug candidates have little or no water solubility and therefore have low and/or variable bioavailability profiles. Many of these drugs are good candidates for formulation into S(M)EDDS. AREAS COVERED: This paper describes the preparation and assessment of these formulations and their current applications. The characterisation of this type of formulation has improved, and in vitro models (Caco-2 cell cultures, Ussing chambers, the everted sac technique, etc.) can be used for screening different formulations. It describes also marketed formulations (i.e., cyclosporin and saquinavir S(M)EDDS) and some other formulations. EXPERT OPINION: Actual applications of S(M)EDDS remain rare. The first drug marketed as a S(M)EDDS was cyclosporin, and it had significantly improved bioavailability compared with the conventional solution. In the last decade, several S(M)EDDS loaded with antiviral drugs (e.g., ritonavir, saquinavir) were tested for treatment of HIV infection, but the relative improvement in clinical benefit was not significant. The S(M)EDDS formulation of Norvir® (soft capsules) has been withdrawn in some countries.Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 06/2012; 9(8):937-51. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To develop a novel ibuprofen-loaded solid dispersion with enhanced bioavailability, various ibuprofen-loaded solid dispersions were prepared with water, HPMC and poloxamer. The effect of HPMC and poloxamer on aqueous solubility of ibuprofen was investigated. The dissolution and bioavailability of solid dispersion in rats were then evaluated compared to ibuprofen powder. When the amount of carrier increased with a decreased in HPMC/poloxamer ratio, the aqueous solubility of ibuprofen was elevated. The solid dispersion composed of ibuprofen/HPMC/poloxamer at the weight ratio of 10:3:2 improved the drug solubility approximately 4 fold. It gave significantly higher initial plasma concentration, AUC and Cmax of drug than did ibuprofen powder in rats. The solid dispersion improved the bioavailability of drug about 4-fold compared to ibuprofen powder. Thus, this ibuprofen-loaded solid dispersion with water, HPMC and poloxamer was a more effective oral dosage form for improving the bioavailability of poor water-soluble ibuprofen.Archives of Pharmacal Research 06/2009; 32(5):767-72. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The main objective of this study was to prepare a solid form of lipid-based self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) by spray drying liquid SEDDS with an inert solid carrier Aerosil 200 to improve the oral bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drug dexibuprofen. The liquid SEDDS was a system that consisted of dexibuprofen, Labrasol, Capryol 90 and Labrafil M 1944 CS. The particle size analysis revealed no difference in the z-average particle diameter of the reconstituted emulsion between liquid and solid SEDDS. The solid SEDDS was characterized by SEM, DSC and XRD studies. In vivo results of solid SEDDS and dexibuprofen powder in rats at the dose of 10mg/kg showed that the initial plasma concentrations of drug in solid SEDDS were significantly higher than those of dexibuprofen powder (P<0.05). The solid SEDDS gave significantly higher AUC and Cmax than did dexibuprofen powder (P<0.05). In particular, the AUC of solid SEDDS was about twofold higher than that of dexibuprofen powder. Our results suggested that this solid SEDDS could be used as an effective oral solid dosage form to improve the bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drug dexibuprofen.European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics: official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V 03/2009; 72(3):539-45. · 3.15 Impact Factor