Article

Carboxylated glycans mediate colitis through activation of NF-κB

Glycobiology Program, The Burnham Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 11/2005; 175(8):5412-22. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.175.8.5412
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The role of carbohydrate modifications of glycoproteins in leukocyte trafficking is well established, but less is known concerning how glycans influence pathogenesis of inflammation. We previously identified a carboxylate modification of N-linked glycans that is recognized by S100A8, S100A9, and S100A12. The glycans are expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells of normal colonic lamina propria, and in inflammatory infiltrates in colon tissues from Crohn's disease patients. We assessed the contribution of these glycans to the development of colitis induced by CD4(+)CD45RB(high) T cell transfer to Rag1(-/-) mice. Administration of an anti-carboxylate glycan Ab markedly reduced clinical and histological disease in preventive and early therapeutic protocols. Ab treatment reduced accumulation of CD4(+) T cells in colon. This was accompanied by reduction in inflammatory cells, reduced expression of proinflammatory cytokines and of S100A8, S100A9, and receptor for advanced glycation end products. In vitro, the Ab inhibited expression of LPS-elicited cytokines and induced apoptosis of activated macrophages. It specifically blocked activation of NF-kappaB p65 in lamina propria cells of colitic mice and in activated macrophages. These results indicate that carboxylate-glycan-dependent pathways contribute to the early onset of colitis.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Simon H Murch, Sep 04, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
91 Views
  • Source
    • "We also found that inhibiting carboxylated glycandependent interactions of DAMP molecules using mAbGB3.1, an anti-glycan antibody blocked onset of T cell mediated colitis [Srikrishna et al., 2005b], colitis-dependent colon cancer [Turovskaya et al., 2008] and recruitment of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) to secondary lymphoid organs in tumor-bearing mice [Sinha et al., 2008]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a signaling receptor protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily implicated in multiple pathologies. It binds a diverse repertoire of ligands, but the structural basis for the interaction of different ligands is not well understood. We earlier showed that carboxylated glycans on the V-domain of RAGE promote the binding of HMGB1 and S100A8/A9. Here we study the role of these glycans on the binding and intracellular signaling mediated by another RAGE ligand, S100A12. S100A12 binds carboxylated glycans, and a subpopulation of RAGE enriched for carboxylated glycans shows more than 10-fold higher binding potential for S100A12 than total RAGE. When expressed in mammalian cells, RAGE is modified by complex glycans predominantly at the first glycosylation site (N25IT) that retains S100A12 binding. Glycosylation of RAGE and maximum binding sites for S100A12 on RAGE are also cell type dependent. Carboxylated glycan-enriched population of RAGE forms higher order multimeric complexes with S100A12, and this ability to multimerize is reduced upon deglycosylation or by using non-glycosylated sRAGE expressed in E. coli. mAbGB3.1, an antibody against carboxylated glycans, blocks S100A12-mediated NF-kappaB signaling in HeLa cells expressing full-length RAGE. These results demonstrate that carboxylated N-glycans on RAGE enhance binding potential and promote receptor clustering and subsequent signaling events following oligomeric S100A12 binding.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 06/2010; 110(3):645-59. DOI:10.1002/jcb.22575 · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tesis Univ. Granada. Departamento de Genética. Leída el 15 de mayo de 2008
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The S100 proteins comprise at least 25 members, forming the largest group of EF-hand signalling proteins in humans. Although the proteins are expressed in many tissues, each S100 protein has generally been shown to have a preference for expression in one particular tissue or cell type. Three-dimensional structures of several S100 family members have shown that the proteins assume a dimeric structure consisting of two EF-hand motifs per monomer. Calcium binding to these S100 proteins, with the exception of S100A10, results in an approx. 40 degrees alteration in the position of helix III, exposing a broad hydrophobic surface that enables the S100 proteins to interact with a variety of target proteins. More than 90 potential target proteins have been documented for the S100 proteins, including the cytoskeletal proteins tubulin, glial fibrillary acidic protein and F-actin, which have been identified mostly from in vitro experiments. In the last 5 years, efforts have concentrated on quantifying the protein interactions of the S100 proteins, identifying in vivo protein partners and understanding the molecular specificity for target protein interactions. Furthermore, the S100 proteins are the only EF-hand proteins that are known to form both homo- and hetero-dimers, and efforts are underway to determine the stabilities of these complexes and structural rationales for their formation and potential differences in their biological roles. This review highlights both the calcium-dependent and -independent interactions of the S100 proteins, with a focus on the structures of the complexes, differences and similarities in the strengths of the interactions, and preferences for homo- compared with hetero-dimeric S100 protein assembly.
    Biochemical Journal 07/2006; 396(2):201-14. DOI:10.1042/BJ20060195 · 4.78 Impact Factor
Show more