MRP2 (ABCC2) and cisplatin sensitivity in hepatocytes and human ovarian carcinoma
ABSTRACT The ABC transporter MRP2 (ABCC2) can mediate cisplatin efflux, and over-expression of MRP2 has been associated with cisplatin resistance in cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to determine the role of MRP2 in modulating cisplatin cytotoxicity in normal cells as well as the relationship between MRP2 expression and clinical response to platinum-based agents in ovarian cancer.
The effect of absence of MRP2 expression on cisplatin sensitivity was investigated using primary hepatocyte cultures from the TR- rat strain, which is deficient in Mrp2. We also examined MRP2 expression immunohistochemically in human ovarian tumors exhibiting extremes of clinical response to platinum-based chemotherapy, either absolute platin resistance or patients with residual disease after surgery who experienced extremely long complete response to primary platinum-based chemotherapy.
Primary hepatocyte cultures from Mrp2-deficient TR- rats were over threefold more sensitive to cisplatin and accumulated a twofold greater amount of platinum on DNA that wild-type rat hepatocytes. In human ovarian carcinomas, MRP2 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 3/13 (23%) tumors from patients with absolute platin resistance compared with 5/9 (56%) tumors from patients with prolonged survival following treatment including a platinum-based agent.
These studies indicate that MRP2 may play an important role in modulating normal tissue response to cisplatin. However, MRP2 expression occurred only in a subset of primary ovarian cancers, was frequently aberrant in location and was not correlated with clinical response to platinum-based chemotherapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Małgorzata Andrzejewska
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- "e second member of the multidrug resistance protein (MRP; ABCC) family, MRP2, which is also designed as the canalicular multiorganic anion transporter (CMOAT), is involved in bilirubin glucuronide transport and confers resistance to MRP1 substrates and cisplatin . e role of this protein in the resistance of ovarian cancer to cisplatin has been described in several studies  . Another important MDR protein, breast cancer resistance protein BCRP (ABCG2), was cloned from a mitoxantrone-resistant subline of the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 . "
ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynaecological malignancies. Multiple drug resistance makes cancer cells insensitive to chemotherapy. In this study, we developed six primary ovarian cancer cell lines (W1MR, W1CR, W1DR, W1VR, W1TR, and W1PR) resistant to drugs such as methotrexate, cisplatin, doxorubicin, vincristine, topotecan, and paclitaxel. A chemosensitivity assay MTT test was performed to assess drug cross-resistance. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were also performed to determine mRNA and protein expression of genes involved in chemoresistance. We observed high cross-resistance to doxorubicin, vincristine, and paclitaxel in the cell lines resistant to these agents. We also found a significant correlation between resistance to these drugs and increased expression of P-gp. Two different mechanisms of topotecan resistance were observed in the W1TR and W1PR cell lines. We did not observe any correlation between MRP2 transcript and protein levels. Cell lines resistant to agents used in ovarian cancer treatment remained sensitive to methotrexate. The main mechanisms of drug resistance were due to P-gp expression in the doxorubicin, vincristine, and paclitaxel resistant cell lines and BCRP expression in the topotecan resistant cell line.01/2013; 2013:241763. DOI:10.1155/2013/241763
Conference Paper: Effects of corrosion inhibiting lubricants on electronics reliability[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Work has been in progress since about 1995 to examine the effects of lubricants/corrosion preventative compounds (CPCs) on avionics reliability. The work has involved the use of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) materials conforming to two military specifications (MIL-C-81309E and MIL-L-87177A). More specifically, the subject of this study was the application of these materials to electrical and electronic connectors to test the thesis that these components may be significant sources of system faults such as cannot duplicates (CND) and retest OKs (RETOK) and that the application of these materials may inhibit such effects produced by the subtle corrosion reactions on contact surfaces produced by the operating environments.Digital Avionics Systems Conference, 2002. Proceedings. The 21st; 02/2002
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ABSTRACT: Cisplatin is widely used for chemotherapy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, details of the molecular mechanism responsible for cisplatin resistance are still unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the expression of genes related to cisplatin resistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. A cisplatin-resistant cell line, Tca/cisplatin, was established from a cisplatin-sensitive cell line, Tca8113, which was derived from moderately-differentiated tongue squamous cell carcinoma. Global gene expression in this resistant cell line and its sensitive parent cell line was analyzed using Affymetrix HG-U95Av2 microarrays. Candidate genes involved in DNA repair, the MAP pathway and cell cycle regulation were chosen to validate the microarray analysis results. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis following cisplatin exposure were also investigated. Cisplatin resistance in Tca/cisplatin cells was stable for two years in cisplatin-free culture medium. The IC50 for cisplatin in Tca/cisplatin was 6.5-fold higher than that in Tca8113. Microarray analysis identified 38 genes that were up-regulated and 25 that were down-regulated in this cell line. Some were novel candidates, while others are involved in well-characterized mechanisms that could be relevant to cisplatin resistance, such as RECQL for DNA repair and MAP2K6 in the MAP pathway; all the genes were further validated by Real-time PCR. The cell cycle-regulated genes CCND1 and CCND3 were involved in cisplatin resistance; 24-hour exposure to 10 microM cisplatin induced a marked S phase block in Tca/cisplatin cells but not in Tca8113 cells. The Tca8113 cell line and its stable drug-resistant variant Tca/cisplatin provided a useful model for identifying candidate genes responsible for the mechanism of cisplatin resistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Our data provide a useful basis for screening candidate targets for early diagnosis and further intervention in cisplatin resistance.BMC Cancer 02/2006; 6:224. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-6-224 · 3.32 Impact Factor