Identification of differentially expressed proteins in senescent human embryonic fibroblasts.

Laboratory of Molecular & Cellular Ageing, Institute of Biological Research & Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48 Vas. Constantinou Ave., Athens 11635, Greece.
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development (Impact Factor: 3.26). 02/2006; 127(1):88-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.mad.2005.08.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Normal human fibroblasts undergo a limited number of divisions in culture, a process known as replicative senescence (RS). Although several senescence-specific genes have been identified, analysis at the level of protein expression can provide additional insights into the mechanisms that regulate RS. We have performed a proteomic comparison between young and replicative senescent human embryonic WI-38 fibroblasts and we have identified 13 proteins, which are differentially expressed in senescent cells. Some of the identified proteins are components of the cellular cytoskeleton, while others are implicated in key cellular functions including metabolism and energy production, Ca(2+) signalling, nucleo-cytoplasmic trafficking and telomerase activity regulation. In summary, our analysis contributes to the list of senescence-associated proteins by identifying new biomarkers and provides novel information on functional protein networks that are perturbed during replicative senescence of human fibroblast cultures.

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