Article

Dietary prebiotic oligosaccharides are detectable in the faeces of formula-fed infants

Centre for Infant Nutrition, Macedonio Melloni Maternity Hospital, Milan, Italy.
Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). Supplement 10/2005; 94(449):27-30. DOI: 10.1080/08035320510043510
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human milk oligosaccharides are not digested during intestinal passage and can be detected in stools. In this study it was investigated whether a prebiotic mixture of low-molecular-weight galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) and high-molecular-weight fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) can be detected in stool samples of formula-fed infants. The test formula was supplemented with 0.8 g/dl oligosaccharides (GOS+FOS). In the control formula, maltodextrins were used as placebo. Fecal flora was assessed at the beginning (day 1) and at the end of a 28-d feeding period (day 2). At day 2 the content of galacto- and fructo-oligosaccharides in the stool samples were measured. On study day 1, the number of bifidobacteria was not different among the groups (supplemented group: 7.7 (6.2) CFU/g; placebo group: 8.0 (6.0) CFU/g). At the end of the 28-d feeding period, the number of bifidobacteria was significantly higher in the group fed the supplemented formula when compared to placebo (supplemented group: 9.8 (0.7) CFU/g stool; placebo group: 7.1 (4.7) CFU/g stool; p<0.001). In all infants fed the supplemented formula, GOS and FOS could be identified in the stool samples. That was not the case in infants fed the non-supplemented formula. CONCLUSION: The present data confirm the bifidogenicity of oligosaccharides and indicate that dietary galacto-oligosaccharides and long chain fructo-oligosaccharides remain during the whole passage in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract, similarly to human milk oligosaccharides.

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May 15, 2014