Selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor induces indefinite survival of fully allogeneic cardiac grafts and generates CD4+ regulatory cells.
ABSTRACT Selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 has been reported to have not only anti-inflammatory effects but also effects on the immune response. We investigated ability of a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor to inhibit alloimmune response in a murine cardiac transplantation model.
CBA (H2(k)) mice underwent transplantation of C57BL/10 (H2(b)) hearts. On the day of transplantation, the recipients received either no treatment or single administration of aspirin (a cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 inhibitor) or the selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor NS-398. Naive CBA mice (secondary recipients) underwent adoptive transfer of splenocytes from treated mice with long-surviving grafts (primary recipients) to determine whether regulatory cells developed after NS-398 treatment. Histologic, cell-proliferation, and cytokine studies were also performed.
Untreated CBA mice rejected C57BL/10 cardiac grafts acutely (median survival time, 8 days). The majority of recipients given aspirin rejected their grafts within 20 days (median survival time, 11 days). In mice given NS-398, the majority of the grafts survived indefinitely (median survival time, >100 days). Secondary CBA recipients given CD4+ splenocytes from primary CBA recipients treated with NS-398 also had indefinite survival of C57BL/10 hearts (median survival time, >60 days). Graft acceptance and proliferative hyporesponsiveness were also confirmed by the histologic and cell-proliferation studies, respectively. Production of interleukin 4 and 10 from splenocytes of the recipients treated with NS-398 were significantly higher than that from untreated recipients.
In our model administration of cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor induced indefinite survival of fully mismatched cardiac grafts and generated CD4+ regulatory cells. Cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor could warrant consideration for use as an immunomodulating agent in clinical transplantation.
Article: Auditory stimulation of opera music induced prolongation of murine cardiac allograft survival and maintained generation of regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interactions between the immune response and brain functions such as olfactory, auditory, and visual sensations are likely. This study investigated the effect of sounds on alloimmune responses in a murine model of cardiac allograft transplantation. Naïve CBA mice (H2k) underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (B6, H2b) heart and were exposed to one of three types of music--opera (La Traviata), classical (Mozart), and New Age (Enya)--or one of six different single sound frequencies, for 7 days. Additionally, we prepared two groups of CBA recipients with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera for 7 days and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment). An adoptive transfer study was performed to determine whether regulatory cells were generated in allograft recipients. Immunohistochemical, cell-proliferation, cytokine, and flow cytometry assessments were also performed. CBA recipients of a B6 cardiac graft that were exposed to opera music and Mozart had significantly prolonged allograft survival (median survival times [MSTs], 26.5 and 20 days, respectively), whereas those exposed to a single sound frequency (100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000, or 20,000 Hz) or Enya did not (MSTs, 7.5, 8, 9, 8, 7.5, 8.5 and 11 days, respectively). Untreated, CBA mice with tympanic membrane perforations and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation (pre-treatment) rejected B6 cardiac grafts acutely (MSTs, 7, 8 and 8 days, respectively). Adoptive transfer of whole splenocytes, CD4+ cells, or CD4+CD25+ cells from opera-exposed primary allograft recipients resulted in significantly prolonged allograft survival in naive secondary recipients (MSTs, 36, 68, and > 100 days, respectively). Proliferation of splenocytes, interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-γ production was suppressed in opera-exposed mice, and production of IL-4 and IL-10 from opera-exposed transplant recipients increased compared to that from splenocytes of untreated recipients. Flow cytometry studies showed an increased CD4+CD25+ Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)+ cell population in splenocytes from those mice. Our findings indicate that exposure to opera music, such as La traviata, could affect such aspects of the peripheral immune response as generation of regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells and up-regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines, resulting in prolonged allograft survival.Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 03/2012; 7:26. · 1.19 Impact Factor