A comparison of five pesticides adsorption and desorption processes in thirteen contrasting field soils.

George E. Brown, Jr. Salinity Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 450 West Big Springs Road, Riverside, CA 92507-4617, USA.
Chemosphere (Impact Factor: 3.14). 12/2005; 61(5):668-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.03.024
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Batch adsorption and desorption experiments were performed using thirteen agricultural soil samples and five pesticides. Experimental data indicated a gradient in pesticide adsorption on soil: trifluralin > 2,4-D > isoproturon> atrazine > bentazone. Atrazine, isoproturon and trifluralin adsorption were correlated to soil organic matter content (r2 = 0.7, 0.82, 0.79 respectively). Conversely, bentazone adsorption was governed by soil pH (r2 = 0.68) while insignificant effect has been shown in the case of 2,4-D. Multiple linear regressions were used to combine relationships between the various soil parameters and the Freundlich adsorption coefficient (K(f)) of each pesticide. Then desorption was assessed since it may reflect some of the interactions involved between the pesticides and the soil components. Adsorbed molecules were released into aqueous solution in the following order: bentazone > atrazine> isoproturon> 2,4-D > trifluralin. The occurrence of hysteresis did not allow an accurate interpretation of the pesticide desorption data because of the possible interplay of several processes.

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