When mastectomy becomes inevitable: The nipple-sparing approach
ABSTRACT The preservation of the nipple areola complex (NAC) could improve the quality of life in cases of mastectomy. A novel radiosurgical treatment combining subcutaneous mastectomy with intraoperative radiotherapy is proposed. Three hundred nipple-sparing mastectomies (NSM) were performed. Invasive (58%) and in situ (42%) carcinomas were included. Clinical complications, aesthetic results, oncological and psychological results were recorded. The NAC necrosed totally in 10 cases and partially in 29 and it was removed in 12. Nine infections (3%) were observed and 10 prostheses removed. Good results were rated by 82.3% of the patients and by 84.8% of the surgeons. In 7.5% a radiodystrophy was observed. The sensitivity of the NAC recovered partially in 48%. Two local recurrences occurred outside the radiated field. Overall, we observed three metastases and no deaths. Sixty-eight of the patients were satisfied with their reconstructed breast and 85.5% were satisfied having preserved the NAC.
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- "Nipple-areolar complex sensitivity returned partially in 48%. No local recurrence occurred beneath the preserved nipple-areolar complex although followup was short . "
ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Primary treatment is surgery, with mastectomy as the main treatment for most of the twentieth century. However, over that time, the extent of the procedure varied, and less extensive mastectomies are employed today compared to those used in the past, as excessively mutilating procedures did not improve survival. Today, many women receive breast-conserving surgery, usually with radiotherapy to the residual breast, instead of mastectomy, as it has been shown to be as effective as mastectomy in early disease. The relatively new skin-sparing mastectomy, often with immediate breast reconstruction, improves aesthetic outcomes and is oncologically safe. Nipple-sparing mastectomy is newer and used increasingly, with better acceptance by patients, and again appears to be oncologically safe. Breast reconstruction is an important adjunct to mastectomy, as it has a positive psychological impact on the patient, contributing to improved quality of life.International Journal of Surgical Oncology 06/2011; 2011(5):980158. DOI:10.1155/2011/980158
Conference Paper: Printed dipole and slot antennas on semi-infinite substratesAntennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1984; 07/1984