New, simple and validated UV-spectrophotometric methods for the estimation of gatifloxacin in bulk and formulations.
ABSTRACT New, simple and cost effective UV-spectrophotometric methods were developed for the estimation of gatifloxacin in bulk and pharmaceutical formulations. Gatifloxacin was estimated at 286 nm in 100 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and 292 nm in 100 mM hydrochloric acid (pH 1.2). Linearity range was found to be 1-18 mug ml(-1) (regression equation: absorbance=0.0684 x Concentration in microg ml(-1) + 0.0050; r2 = 0.9998) in the phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and 1-14 microg ml(-1) (regression equation: absorbance = 0.0864 x Concentration in microg ml(-1) + 0.0027; r2 = 0.9999) in hydrochloric acid medium (pH 1.2). The apparent molar absorptivity was found to be 2.62 x 10(4) l mol(-1) cm(-1) in the phosphate buffer and 3.25 x 10(4) l mol(-1) cm(-1) in hydrochloric acid media. In both the proposed methods sandell's sensitivity was found to be about 0.01 microg cm(-2)/0.001A. These methods were tested and validated for various parameters according to ICH guidelines and USP. The quantitation limits were found to be 0.312 and 0.3 microg ml(-1) in the phosphate buffer and hydrochloric acid medium, respectively. The proposed methods were successfully applied for the determination of gatifloxacin in pharmaceutical formulations (tablets, injection and ophthalmic solution). The results demonstrated that the procedure is accurate, precise and reproducible (relative standard deviation <2%), while being simple, cheap and less time consuming and can be suitably applied for the estimation of gatifloxacin in different dosage forms and dissolution studies.
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ABSTRACT: A simple and sensitive self-ordered ring (SOR) technique, which was based on the capillary effect of solvent on a hydrophobic glass slide, was successfully applied to the determination of gatifloxacin in milk, injection, human urine and rabbit serum samples. In a medium of pH 3.20 (HAc-NaAc) with the aid of poly(vinyl alcohol)-124 (PVA-124), when 0.50 μL aluminum-sensitized gatifloxacin was dropped on glass slide with dimethyl dichlorosilane (DMCS) pretreated, a typical fluorescent SOR with diameter (2R) of the ring less than ca. 1.77 mm and the belt width (2δ) less than 29.3 μm can be obtained. The solute on the ring belt had strong fluorescence. Data of the imaged SOR showed that the gatifloxacin molecule across the SOR belt section follows a Gaussian distribution. The assay showed that when the droplet volume is 0.1 μL, the SOR method could be used to determine gatifloxacin in the range of 5.61 × 10−14 ∼ 1.50 × 10−12 mol/ring (5.61 × 10−8∼1.50 × 10−5 M) and the limit of determination (LOD) reached 5.61 × 10−15 mol/ring (5.61 × 10−8 M) with three-fold signal-to-noise ratio (S/N = 3).Journal of Analytical Chemistry 01/2011; 66(8):728-733. · 0.81 Impact Factor
- Quimica Nova - QUIM NOVA. 01/2008; 31(7).
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ABSTRACT: A simple method for simultaneous determination of gatifloxacin and prednisolone acetate in ophthalmic formulation was developed and validated using UV spectrophotometry. Gatifloxacin and prednisolone acetate were quantified using the first-order derivative of the UV spectra. The proposed method was validated according to the guidelines of the International Conference on Harmonization and the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International. The measurements were made in acetonitrile/water (70:30 v/v) at 348 nm for gatifloxacin and at 263 nm for prednisolone acetate. The calibration curves were linear in the concentration range of 3-21 μg mL-1 for gatifloxacin and 6-42 μg mL-1 for prednisolone acetate with Sandell’s sensitivities of 0.349 μg cm-2 and 0.402 μg cm-2, respectively. The mean recovery and the limit of quantification for gatifloxacin were 99.76±0.41% and 1.11 μg mL-1 and for prednisolone acetate were 99.52 ± 0.87 and 0.55 μg mL-1 respectively. The method was precise, with a relative standard deviation of less than 2.50% for both drugs. For robustness, the factors analyzed did not significantly affect the quantification of gatifloxacin and prednisolone acetate. The results of the validated method did not differ significantly from high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), which was previously developed and validated for the same drugs. In this form, the method was suitable for routine analysis of gatifloxacin and prednisolone acetate in their combined dosage form in ophthalmic formulations.Arabian Journal of Chemistry 11/2014; · 2.68 Impact Factor