Sutureless intestinal anastomosis with the biofragmentable anastomosis ring: experience of 632 anastomoses in a single institute.

Department of Surgery, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Pusan, South Korea.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum (Impact Factor: 3.2). 12/2005; 48(11):2127-32. DOI: 10.1007/s10350-005-0144-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Uncertainty with the safety of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring makes surgeons hesitate in its widespread use in intestinal surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the validity of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring as a routine anastomotic device in enterocolic surgery.
The study analyzed the nine-year experience of 632 biofragmentable anastomosis ring anastomoses performed in 617 patients: 525 (83 percent) as elective procedures and 107 (17 percent) as emergency. Three classic types of anastomosis, end-to-end (n=354), end-to-side (n=263), and side-to-side (n=15), were performed with a standard technique.
Anastomotic sites included ileocolic/ileorectal in 283 patients (45 percent), colorectal in 148 (23 percent), enteroenteric in 101 (16 percent), and colocolic in 100 patients (16 percent). Anastomotic leakage with clinical relevance was observed in five patients (0.8 percent): three elective cases, and two emergency (2 colorectal anastomoses and 1 ileorectal required diversions). Among 13 instances (2.1 percent) with postoperative intestinal obstruction, only 1 required relaparotomy for closed-loop obstruction. Seven patients (1.1 percent; 4 elective cases, and 3 emergency) died postoperatively; no deaths were directly related to the biofragmentable anastomosis ring technique.
Our data suggest that the anastomosis using the biofragmentable anastomosis ring is a uniform and highly reliable technique even in high-risk emergency surgery. Along with its clinical validities, clinical application of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring in different types of anastomoses in enterocolic surgery is expected to be expanded with a high level of technical safety.

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