Sutureless intestinal anastomosis with the biofragmentable anastomosis ring: experience of 632 anastomoses in a single institute.
ABSTRACT Uncertainty with the safety of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring makes surgeons hesitate in its widespread use in intestinal surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the validity of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring as a routine anastomotic device in enterocolic surgery.
The study analyzed the nine-year experience of 632 biofragmentable anastomosis ring anastomoses performed in 617 patients: 525 (83 percent) as elective procedures and 107 (17 percent) as emergency. Three classic types of anastomosis, end-to-end (n=354), end-to-side (n=263), and side-to-side (n=15), were performed with a standard technique.
Anastomotic sites included ileocolic/ileorectal in 283 patients (45 percent), colorectal in 148 (23 percent), enteroenteric in 101 (16 percent), and colocolic in 100 patients (16 percent). Anastomotic leakage with clinical relevance was observed in five patients (0.8 percent): three elective cases, and two emergency (2 colorectal anastomoses and 1 ileorectal required diversions). Among 13 instances (2.1 percent) with postoperative intestinal obstruction, only 1 required relaparotomy for closed-loop obstruction. Seven patients (1.1 percent; 4 elective cases, and 3 emergency) died postoperatively; no deaths were directly related to the biofragmentable anastomosis ring technique.
Our data suggest that the anastomosis using the biofragmentable anastomosis ring is a uniform and highly reliable technique even in high-risk emergency surgery. Along with its clinical validities, clinical application of the biofragmentable anastomosis ring in different types of anastomoses in enterocolic surgery is expected to be expanded with a high level of technical safety.
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ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: MAGNAMOSIS forms a compression anastomosis using self-assembling magnetic rings that can be delivered via flexible endoscopy. The system has proven to be effective in full-thickness porcine small-bowel anastomoses. The aim of this study was to show the feasibility of the MAGNAMOSIS system in hybrid endoscopic colorectal surgery and to compare magnetic and conventional stapled anastomoses. Methods: A total of 16 swine weighing 35 - 50 kg were used following animal ethical committee approval. The first animal was an acute model to establish the feasibility of the procedure. The subsequent 15 animals were survival models, 10 of which underwent side-to-side anastomoses (SSA) and 5 of which underwent end-to-side (ESA) procedures. Time to patency, surveillance endoscopy, burst pressure, compression force, and histology were assessed. Histology was compared with conventional stapled anastomoses. Magnetic compression forces were measured in various anastomosis configurations.Results: Colorectal anastomoses were performed in all cases using a hybrid NOTES technique. The mean operating time was 71 minutes. Mean time to completion of the anastomosis was similar between the SSA and ESA groups. Burst pressure at 10 days was greater than 95 mmHg in both groups. One complication occurred in the ESA group. Compression force among various configurations of the magnetic rings was significantly different (P < 0.05). Inflammation and fibrosis were similar between magnetic SSA and conventional stapled anastomoses. Conclusion: MAGNAMOSIS was feasible in performing a hybrid NOTES colorectal anastomosis. It has the advantage over circular staplers of precise endoscopic delivery throughout the entire colon. SSA was reliable and effective. A minimum initial compression force of 4 N appears to be required for reliable magnetic anastomoses.Endoscopy 06/2013; 45(8). DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1344119 · 5.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction Giving the ever-rising trend of pediatric minimally invasive surgery besides early neonatal surgical interventions, intestinal anastomosis turns out to be a time consuming stage due to several anatomical as well as technical difficulties. A perfect bowel anastomosis method should be easy, rapid, safe and reliable in creation of bowel continuity with minimal tissue damage. In this light, sutureless anastomotic methods have been introduced, using compression based anastomosis with biofragmentable rings or powerful magnets. Accordingly, this experimental animal model study has evaluated the result of an easy, rapid intestinal sutureless anastomotic technique via simple tying over an intraluminal ring, in comparison with conventional handsewn bowel anastomosis. Methodology Thirty Wistar–Albino male rats were enrolled and small bowel was transected via a midline laparotomy. A grooved plastic ring was inserted into the ileal lumen and both intestinal cutting ends were fixed over the ring with a simple tie in the first group. On the other hand, enteroenterostomy was performed by the conventional method of handsewn anastomosis in the second group. After 14 days, rats were sacrificed to evaluate for intraperitoneal adhesion and abscess formation in addition to other evidences of anastomotic leakage. Furthermore, the anastomotic site integrity, tensile strength and healing stage were assessed microscopically. Results The mean operative time and intraoperative bleeding in the tie over ring group were significantly less than those in the handsewn anastomosis group. Anastomotic stricture was more common in the conventional anastomosis group while the anastomotic tensile strength was significantly higher in the tie over ring group. Histopathological healing parameters and final healing score were almost similar in both groups but mean inflammatory cell infiltration in handsewn anastomosis was significantly higher. Conclusion “Tie over ring” is a simple method of anastomosis that is feasible, fast, safe and functionally effective for bowel reconstruction in animal models that could be reconsidered in human bowel anastomosis.Journal of Pediatric Surgery 03/2014; 49(3):405–409. DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.07.007 · 1.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A biodegradable fibrous tube was fabricated by electrospinning method using a combination of Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and gelatin dissolved in trifluoroethanol (TFE). Different ratios of the two polymers (PLGA/Gelatin: 1/9, 3/7, 5/5) were used for electrospinning to determine the optimum condition appropriate for intestinal stent application. Fiber morphology was visualized and analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Characterizations of physical properties were done according to its tensile strength, surface hydrophilicity, swelling ability, and biodegradability. Biocompatibility of the scaffolds was investigated in vitro using IEC-18 (Rat intestinal epithelial cell). Cell proliferation was quantified using MTT assay and cell adhesion behavior was visualized by SEM and confocal laser scanning microscope. PLGA/Gelatin (5/5) was determined to have adequate material properties and sufficient in vitro biocompatibility. This was then implanted in a male Sprague-Dawley rat for 14 days to determine in vivo behavior of the sample. Histological examination on the intestinal tissue surrounding the graft showed normal morphology comparable to non-implanted intestine. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 04/2013; DOI:10.1002/jbm.b.32923 · 2.31 Impact Factor