Efficacy of three ELISA measurements of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
ABSTRACT The objective of the present study was to determine the efficacy of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody detection in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as well as to compare three commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits used to detect such antibodies. We analysed the presence of anti-CCP antibodies in the sera of 78 patients who had been newly referred from primary healthcare centres to the Early Polyarthritis Unit. We also included in the study a group of 50 healthy controls. None of the patients had previously received treatment for the disease. After 1-year follow-up, the diagnosis of RA was confirmed in 53 of these patients. The ELISA kits under study were IMMUNOSCAN RA (Euro-Diagnostica AB), QUANTA Lite CCP IgG ELISA (INOVA Diagnostic) and DIA-STAT Anti-CCP (Axis-Shield Diagnostics); the sensitivity obtained was 52.8%, 58.5% and 52.8%, respectively, with 100% specificity for all three kits. Anti-CCP antibodies detected the presence of RA in 26% of patients without positive rheumatoid factor (RF). The sum of anti-CCP antibodies or the presence of RF gave a sensitivity of up to 67%, with specificity ranging between 94 and 97%. Anti-CCP antibodies show high specificity for the diagnosis of RA. The three ELISAs analysed offer the same degree of diagnostic accuracy.
Conference Paper: Object detection and tracking using the particle filtering[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper, we present a method for detecting and tracking rigid moving objects in a monocular image sequence. The originality of this method lies in a state modelling of this estimation problem which is solved in an unified way. This hybrid estimation problem leads to nonlinear state equations that are solved by the particle filtering. A particle filter is set for each shape model (modes). It estimates the motion and position parameters, tracks the object in the sequence and also computes at each time the probability of all modes.Signals, Systems and Computers, 2003. Conference Record of the Thirty-Seventh Asilomar Conference on; 12/2003
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the two generations of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein (CCP) antibodies as a diagnostic marker of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and as a predictor of future development of RA in healthy subjects and in patients with early undifferentiated arthritis. A systematic analysis of the literature published between 1999 and February 2006 was conducted. Data were collected on the sensitivity and specificity of the two generations of anti-CCP antibodies for diagnosing RA and predicting future development of the disease. Among 107 studies initially identified, 68 had interpretable data and were analysed. Diagnostic properties were assessed in 58 studies: mean (SD) sensitivity was 53 (10)% (range 41-68) and 68 (15)% (range 39-94) for anti-CCP1 and anti-CCP2, respectively; mean (SD) specificity was 96 (3)% (range 90-99) and 95 (5)% (range 81-100) for anti-CCP1 and anti-CCP2, respectively. Predictive properties were assessed in 14 studies; odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of anti-CCP1 and anti-CCP2 for the future development of RA were 20 (14 to 31) and 25 (18 to 35), respectively, among patients with early undifferentiated arthritis and 64.5 (8.5 to 489) and 28 (8 to 95), respectively, among healthy subjects. Sensitivity of the second generation of anti-CCP is close to that of rheumatoid factor, with a higher specificity, for distinguishing RA from other rheumatic diseases. Moreover, anti-CCP antibodies appear to be highly predictive of the future development of RA in both healthy subjects and patients with undifferentiated arthritis.Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 08/2006; 65(7):845-51. DOI:10.1136/ard.2006.051391 · 10.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The high specificity of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP) helps substantially in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), combined with classical markers such as rheumatoid factor (RF). The recent introduction of third-generation methods (anti-CCP3) for anti-CCP detection could further improve diagnostic efficiency. The aim of this study was to determinate the diagnostic efficiency (sensitivity and specificity) of anti-CCP using a new anti-CCP3 method and to compare it with the previous second-generation method (anti-CCP2). Anti-CCP were studied in sera of 234 patients with recent-onset polyarthritis (ROP) (age > or =16 years; evolution time > or =4 weeks < or =1 year; 2 or more inflamed joints, without drug therapy). After 1 year, 124 patients were diagnosed with RA (American College of Rheumatology criteria). Two ELISAs, an anti-CCP2 and an anti-CCP3, were performed. The best sensitivity according to receiver operating characteristic curves was 51.5% and 54.8% for anti-CCP3 and anti-CCP2, with a specificity of 96.2% and 98.1%, respectively (optimal cutoffs 14.2 and 18.7 U/mL). Significant correlations were obtained (p<0.001) when the methods were compared to each other and to RF. Testing with both types of anti-CCP kit is highly specific for the presence of RA. In our ROP group, anti-CCP2 and anti-CCP3 exhibited similar diagnostic efficiency.Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 01/2007; 45(10):1396-401. DOI:10.1515/CCLM.2007.294 · 2.96 Impact Factor