High-level production of prourokinase-annexin V chimeras in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris.
ABSTRACT Prourokinase (proUK)-annexin V chimeras expressed by the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris in a synthetic medium as part of a system designed to yield a novel thrombolytic agent are degraded, as it is thought, by various yeast proteases present in the culture supernatant. Minimization of proteolysis was therefore investigated to increase the yield of intact proUK-annexin V. Protease inhibitor screening study indicated several proteases including at least serine protease like chymotrypsin were involved in the proteolysis. Addition of more than 10% of peptone or more than 0.2 mol l(-1) of arginine to the medium was effective in minimizing proteolysis in shake-flask culture. Culture condition of higher pH was also effective, however, induced a cell death. Cell improvement by increasing the methanol utilization ability yielded greater tolerance to high pH. As a result, the culture condition with highly concentrated peptone solution fed under controlled conditions of pH 8.0 was established, which greatly reduced proteolytic degradation in fed-batch fermentation. These optimal conditions, which enabled fibrinolytic activity to reach 7800 IU ml(-1), could easily be applied in industrial scale production.
- Thrombosis and Haemostasis 08/1991; 66(1):88-110. · 6.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris, is widely used as a host strain for the production of a variety of heterologous proteins. We used P. pastoris for the production of recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA). In several runs of fed-batch fermentation, rapid degradation of rHSA was observed, coinciding with a sudden increase of protease activity in the culture broth. Monitoring the changes in the concentration of the medium components during fermentation suggested that this phenomenon was caused by nitrogen starvation. Increased initial concentrations of ammonia and phosphoric acid in the medium prevented the protease production during fermentation. Using this improved medium, stable production of rHSA of around 1.4 g/l was achieved. Although protease activity in the culture broth of the improved medium was not detected by the casein plate method at the end of fermentation, potential protease activity remained and could be activated by decreasing the pH of the culture broth, a high degradation rate of 660 mg HSA/l/h was observed at pH 4.3, but degradation did not occur above pH 5.9.Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 02/2000; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Human placental anticoagulant protein-I (PAP-I) is a member of the lipocortin/calpactin/annexin family of Ca2+-dependent phospholipid binding proteins. PAP-I was labeled with fluorescein 5-isothiocyanate (1 mol/mol); this derivative had anticoagulant activity identical to the unlabeled protein and could be used to measure Ca2+-dependent binding to phospholipid vesicles through changes in fluorescence quenching. At 1.2 mM Ca2+, 0.50 M ionic strength, pH 7.4, 25 degrees C, fluorescein-labeled PAP-I bound to phospholipid vesicles containing 80% phosphatidylcholine, 20% phosphatidylserine with a Kd of 1.2 +/- 0.2 nM (mean +/- S.D.). At an ionic strength of 0.15 M, the Kd decreased to less than 0.1 nM. Prothrombin and factor Xa both competed with fluorescein-labeled PAP-I for binding to anionic phospholipid vesicles, but with affinities at least 1000-fold weaker than PAP-I. PAP-I bound only weakly (Kd greater than 2 x 10(-5) M) to neutral or anionic phospholipid monomers, and this binding was not calcium-dependent. These results show that the affinity of PAP-I for anionic phospholipid surfaces is sufficient to explain its potency as an in vitro anticoagulant.Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/1989; 264(14):7944-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor