Does a new videolaryngoscope (glidescope) provide better glottic exposure?
ABSTRACT The GlideScope (Saturn Biomedical Systems Inc, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada) is a new videolaryngoscope designed as an alternative to the conventional laryngoscope. It was designed to facilitate glottic exposure during tracheal intubation. This study assessed the effectiveness of the GlideScope in providing glottic exposure.
One hundred and three patients requiring general anesthesia for elective surgery were enrolled in this study. Under full monitoring, all patients were given fentanyl, propofol or thiopentone and muscle relaxant for induction. In each patient laryngoscopy was performed first with a Macintosh blade (size 3), then with the GlideScope. The optimal view of the larynx that could be achieved with each instrument was recorded and assessed using the grading scale of Cormack and Lehane (C&L grade). Intubation was performed with the GlideScope.
The grading decreased in the majority (93.6%, 44/47) of patients with C&L grade > 1 when using the GlideScope. Of the 22 patients who were considered as subjects of difficult intubation, 20 had an improved laryngoscopic grade with GlideScope. One hundred and one patients were intubated successfully at the first attempt.
The laryngeal view was better in the GildeScope group using this grading system. The GlideScope provided a better view of the glottis and is a useful alternative in airway management.
Article: Routine clinical practice effectiveness of the Glidescope in difficult airway management: an analysis of 2,004 Glidescope intubations, complications, and failures from two institutions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Glidescope video laryngoscope has been shown to be a useful tool to improve laryngeal view. However, its role in the daily routine of airway management remains poorly characterized. This investigation evaluated the use of the Glidescope at two academic medical centers. Electronic records from 71,570 intubations were reviewed, and 2,004 cases were identified where the Glidescope was used for airway management. We analyzed the success rate of Glidescope intubation in various intubation scenarios. In addition, the incidence and character of complications associated with Glidescope use were recorded. Predictors of Glidescope intubation failure were determined using a logistic regression analysis. Overall success for Glidescope intubation was 97% (1,944 of 2,004). As a primary technique, success was 98% (1,712 of 1,755), whereas success in patients with predictors of difficult direct laryngoscopy was 96% (1,377 of 1,428). Success for Glidescope intubation after failed direct laryngoscopy was 94% (224 of 239). Complications were noticed in 1% (21 of 2,004) of patients and mostly involved minor soft tissue injuries, but major complications, such as dental, pharyngeal, tracheal, or laryngeal injury, occurred in 0.3% (6 of 2,004) of patients. The strongest predictor of Glidescope failure was altered neck anatomy with presence of a surgical scar, radiation changes, or mass. These data demonstrate a high success rate of Glidescope intubation in both primary airway management and rescue-failed direct laryngoscopy. However, Glidescope intubation is not always successful and certain predictors of failure can be identified. Providers should maintain their competency with alternate methods of intubation, especially for patients with neck pathology.Anesthesiology 01/2011; 114(1):34-41. · 5.36 Impact Factor