Patient- and bed partner-reported symptoms, smoking, and nasal resistance in sleep-disordered breathing

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Peijas Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
Chest (Impact Factor: 7.48). 11/2005; 128(4):2176-82. DOI: 10.1378/chest.128.4.2176
Source: PubMed


Nocturnal and daytime symptoms are important determinants in clinical decision making in patients suspected of having sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). We compared patients' and bed partners' reporting of symptoms associated with SDB in a clinical sample of snoring men. The bed partners' view on snoring disturbance was assessed. The relationship between sleep parameters, anthropometric data, and selected subjective symptoms was assessed. Additionally, we evaluated the relationship between smoking, nasal resistance, and habitual snoring.
A cross-sectional, prospective study.
University teaching hospital.
Thirty-seven consecutive snoring men referred to ENT Hospital because of a snoring problem or suspicion of sleep apnea, and scheduled for surgical treatment of nasal obstruction.
The patients completed a sleep questionnaire, a questionnaire on nasal history, and the Epworth sleepiness scale. The bed partners were asked to complete a separate sleep questionnaire of the patient's daytime and nocturnal symptoms. Both patients and bed partners evaluated the intensity of snoring on a visual analog scale. The patients underwent polysomnography and anterior rhinomanometry.
Agreement of patients' and bed partners' reports on symptoms related to SDB was good in this material. One half of the bed partners were disturbed by snoring every night or almost every night, and one third of the bed partners reported disharmony in the relationship from time to time or repeatedly due to snoring. The combination of current smoking and total nasal resistance in a supine position higher than the median value in this patient sample was associated with history of habitual snoring.
Male patients and their bed partners seem to give congruent reports of snoring and symptoms related to SDB in a clinical population with mild SDB. One half of the bed partners found their sleep constantly disturbed. The combination of current smoking and high nasal resistance was related with habitual snoring.

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    • "These findings support prior qualitative and quantitative studies that reported poor sleep quality and impaired health-related quality of life in partners of patients with sleep apnea (Broström et al., 2010; Doherty et al., 2003; Henry & Rosenthal, 2013; McArdle et al., 2001; Parish & Lyng, 2003). Furthermore, cross-sectional studies have shown adverse associations between sleep apnea and relationship quality as reported by the patient or the bed partner (Cartwright, 2008; Virkkula et al., 2005). Interviews with sleep apnea patients and their partners revealed deteriorating or strained relationships resulting from mutual sleep loss due to sleep apnea and spousal anxiety about their partners' health (Henry & Rosenthal, 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have investigated factors associated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for sleep apnea from the patients' and their partners' perspective. This qualitative research study explored patients' and partners' experiences of CPAP and facilitators and barriers to CPAP use, and elicited suggestions for a first-time CPAP user program. Data from 27 participants were collected via four sleep apnea patient and four partner focus groups. Qualitative content analysis identified five themes: knowledge of sleep apnea, effects of sleep apnea, effects of CPAP, barriers and facilitators of CPAP, and ideas for a new user support program. Patients and partners emphasized the importance of partner involvement in the early CPAP treatment period. These data suggest consideration of a couple-oriented approach to improving CPAP adherence.
    Behavioral Sleep Medicine 09/2014; DOI:10.1080/15402002.2014.946597 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    • "Women living with snorers are three times as likely to report symptoms of insomnia compared to women living with non-snorers, suggesting that a sleep disorder in one spouse may increase risk for a sleep disorder in the other [39]. Adverse associations between OSA and marital satisfaction have been clearly demonstrated [38] [40] [41]. A study also reported that wives of OSA patients exhibited an increase in musculoskeletal pain, distress, and impaired sleep in comparison to controls, independent of age and menopausal status [42]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Poor adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment is associated with substantial health care costs, morbidity and mortality, and has been a leading obstacle in the effective management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Successful interventions to improve CPAP adherence may ultimately include a variety of components. For patients living with spouses (refers to all domestic partners), the spouse will likely be an integral component to any successful intervention. Developing understanding of the role of spouses in adherence to CPAP has been identified to be a critical research need. This review expands the investigation of CPAP adherence to a broader context, from an exclusive focus on individual patients to a dyadic perspective encompassing both patients and their spouses. A conceptual framework based on social support and social control theories is proposed to understand spousal involvement in CPAP adherence. Methodologies for future investigations are discussed, along with implications for developing interventions that engage both patients and their spouses to improve CPAP use.
    Sleep Medicine Reviews 05/2014; 19. DOI:10.1016/j.smrv.2014.04.005 · 8.51 Impact Factor
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    • "Bed partners of habitual snorers frequently complained about disturbed sleep and relationship difficulties. Virkkula et al. [10] reported that in habitual snorers, approximately 50% of their bed partners were disturbed by snoring every night or almost every night. In a questionnaire based study [8] women who regularly slept with a heavy snorer reported symptoms of insomnia, morning headache, daytime sleepiness, and fatigue at higher rates than women of non-snorers. "
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    ABSTRACT: Despite overwhelming evidence for gender differences in sleep quality as well as gender-specific changes of sleep parameters with respect to habitual sleeping arrangements, studies on snorers and their bed partners have ignored the influence of individual quality of sleep as a potential co-factor. Objective: The objective of this study was to record subjective and objective sleep parameters and to analyze the effects of alternating of sleeping arrangements in snorers and their bed partners in order to the applicability of these investigations. Methods: Habitual snorers and their bed partners were recruited via newspaper articles not stating the exact purpose of the study. Both filled out a 90-day sleep diary. During this time, we recorded subjective and objective sleep parameters in the snorers and their bed partners via wrist actigraphy and sleep diaries for 14 days. For statistical analysis, we used two-sided t-tests and Spearman’s Rho. Results: The dataset included 45 snorers (11 female) and 45 bed partners (34 female) with a mean age of 47±13 and 43±12 years. Screening for sleep apnea yielded snoring without OSAS, mild-, moderate- and severe OSAS in 27 (60%), eight (18%), three (7%) and six (15%) snorers. PSQI total scores were significantly lower in snorers than in bed partners (4±2 vs. 6±4, p = 0.002). We could not find a significant correlation between subjective and objective sleep latency and efficiency. Couples who changed their sleeping arrangement were significantly younger than those who habitually slept alone or together (p = 0.01). Subjective sleep parameters of snorers or bed partners were not related to the number of consecutive nights spent either together or apart. Conclusions: Our study confirmed the weak correlation of subjective and objective sleep parameters in pairs with snoring problems. Couples changing their sleeping arrangement were the youngest among the whole group, but their separation of sleeping arrangements did not improve subjective sleep parameters. Keywords: Snoring, sleep apnea, bed partners, sleeping arrangement, actigraphy
    Health 08/2013; DOI:10.4236/health.2013.58A2002 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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