Individuals use many non-religious coping (NRC) and religious coping (RC) strategies to cope with stress. In previous studies with lung transplant candidates, we found that NRC and RC predicted depression, anxiety, and disability. The present study aimed to (a) assess whether RC and NRC contributed uniquely to the prediction of distress and disability, or whether they were redundant and offered no additional information, and (b) evaluate the unique contribution of each subscale to determine the strongest associations with outcomes. Participants were 81 patients with end-stage lung disease being evaluated for lung transplant. Our findings suggest that RC and NRC are not functionally redundant. The best RC predictor was reappraising the situation as a punishment from God, and the best NRC predictors were mental disengagement and denial. Our findings suggest that NRC and RC are independent components of psychological functioning, and measuring both coping styles provides more information than studying each alone.
"Belief in a cruel God has also been associated with depressive symptoms among US college students (Exline et al. 2011). Similarly, belief in a punishing God has been associated with depression and anxiety in Church congregants in Holland (Schaap-Jonker et al. 2002) and hospital patients in the USA (Burker et al. 2005; Fitchett et al. 2004). Moreover, scores on the negative RCOPE, which captures negative beliefs about God (including belief in a punitive God), have been positively associated with general anxiety, social anxiety, depression, paranoia, and obsession–compulsion in a national sample of US adults (McConnell et al. 2006). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examines the association between beliefs about God and psychiatric symptoms in the context of Evolutionary Threat Assessment System Theory, using data from the 2010 Baylor Religion Survey of US Adults (N = 1,426). Three beliefs about God were tested separately in ordinary least squares regression models to predict five classes of psychiatric symptoms: general anxiety, social anxiety, paranoia, obsession, and compulsion. Belief in a punitive God was positively associated with four psychiatric symptoms, while belief in a benevolent God was negatively associated with four psychiatric symptoms, controlling for demographic characteristics, religiousness, and strength of belief in God. Belief in a deistic God and one's overall belief in God were not significantly related to any psychiatric symptoms.
Journal of Religion and Health 04/2013; 53(5). DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9712-3 · 1.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the effect of emotional God attachment on undergraduates' alcohol use generally and for coping purposes and whether spiritual coping styles (collaborative, deferring, and self-directing) drive this effect. As hypothesized, people who feel secure in their emotional relationship with God use significantly more deferring, more collaborative, and less self-directing coping styles than people who feel anxious-ambivalent in their emotional relationship to God. Anxious-ambivalents use significantly more deferring, more collaborative, and less self-directing coping than people who feel disengaged from God (avoidants). Secures use alcohol significantly less than anxious-ambivalents, who use alcohol significantly less than avoidants. The effect of God attachment on general alcohol use was mediated by the use of self-directing (but not deferring or collaborative) spiritual coping style.
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 03/2010; 20(2):97-108. DOI:10.1080/10508611003607983 · 1.64 Impact Factor
"This oversight is also surprising in view of the fact that existing evidence suggests that religiosity is associated with less involvement in a host of risk behaviors amongst youths ( Dryfoos , 1990 ; Lammers , Ireland , Resnick , & Bloom , 2000 ) . Religiosity has also been observed to have a protective influence for individuals , particularly with regards to buffering the impacts of stressful life events ( Burker , Evon , Sedway & Egan , 2005 ) . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pursuant to several studies which have consistently illustrated the buffering effects of religiosity for vulnerable youths, this research sought to investigate whether similar effects would be discovered in the relationship between youths’ perceived inter-parental conflict and their subsequent attitudes towards partner aggression. A sample of 461 college students in dating relationships was utilized. Results from the hierarchical multiple regressions revealed that one dimension of religiosity, sanctification or the extent to which students imbued their dating relationship with divine qualities, had a direct and consistent effect on youth’s attitudes towards partner aggression. Specifically, the more youths sanctified their dating relationship, the less likely they were to harbor maladaptive attitudes towards partner aggression.
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