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[Predictors of successful renal artery revascularization in atherosclerotic renovascular disease].

Katedra i Klinika Nefrologii, Nadciśnienia Tetniczego i Chorób Wewnetrznych Akademii Medycznej, Bydgoszczy.
Polski merkuriusz lekarski: organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego 08/2005; 19(110):206-10.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) is defined as a reduction in glomerular filtration rate in patient with significant renovascular bilateral occlusive disease or unilateral in a solitary kidney. ARVD is a frequent and potentially avoidable cause of end stage renal failure and the need for replacement therapy among person above 50 years old. Use of balloon angioplasty with stenting or surgical repair has been shown to improve renal potency, but there is no clear evidence that it prevents further progressive decline of renal function or blood pressure, compared to medical therapy alone. It is now recognized that severity of histopathologic damage is an important determinant and predictor of renal functional outcome. Proteinuria increases with declining renal failure and reflects the severity of parenchymal damage. Proteinuria and high renal resistance index are associated with glomerular damage and altered intrarenal perfusion. They aren't linked to renal artery stenosis (RAS) grade. Recent study indicate that abrupt decline in renal function reflects reversibility after revascularization. This should probably be undertaken in RAS patients with rapidly deteriorating renal function, refractory hypertension and in whom plasma creatinine concentration has increased by >20% during one month long administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Renal biopsy may be useful to evaluate patient who will have advantage from revascularization.

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