Article

Nuclear transfer of M-phase ferret fibroblasts synchronized with the microtubule inhibitor demecolcine.

Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A Comparative Experimental Biology 01/2006; 303(12):1126-34. DOI: 10.1002/jez.a.234
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The development of reconstructed embryos following nuclear transfer (NT) appears to be dependent upon a variety of factors, including cell cycle synchronization between the donor nucleus and recipient oocyte. Here we use the microtubule inhibitor, demecolcine, to synchronize ferret fibroblasts in metaphase (M-phase) in order to match their cell cycle position with that of the recipient oocyte at the time of NT. The fibroblasts were obtained from 28-day fetuses and cultured for 1-30 days prior to NT. Fibroblast cultures were treated with 0.05 microg/ml of demecolcine for 3 hr or overnight (14-16 hr) after various times in culture to determine the optimal conditions for M-phase synchronization. The percentage of G2/M-phase cells in demecolcine-treated cultures was significantly greater than that found in untreated cultures (P<0.05). Optimally synchronized M-phase fibroblasts were collected by mitotic shake-off and evaluated for their effectiveness in NT. M-phase somatic cell-derived NT embryos reconstituted by electrofusion or microinjection underwent implantation and formed fetuses at similar rates (5.4% vs. 3.4%, and 1.8% vs. 1.2%, respectively); however, no NT embryos developed to term. In summary, these data demonstrate two important points. First, demecolcine treatment effectively synchronizes ferret fibroblasts in M-phase of the cell cycle; and second, these somatic cells are capable of driving embryo development following NT. Our results should facilitate the development of cloned ferrets as an animal model for human lung disease such as influenza and cystic fibrosis.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
88 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess by flow cytometry the cell cycle of brown bear fibroblast cells cultured under different growth conditions. Skin biopsies were taken in Cantabria (Spain) from a live, anaesthetized brown bear. DNA analysis was performed by flow cytometry following cell DNA staining with propidium iodide. Serum starvation increased (P<0.01) the percentage of G0/G1 phase cells (92.7+/-0.86) as compared to cycling cells (39.7+/-0.86) or cells cultured to confluency (87.3+/-0.86). DMSO included for 48h in the culture significantly increased (P<0.01) the percentage of G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle at all concentrations used and decreased percentages of S phase in a dose-dependent fashion. Roscovitine increased the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle (P<0.01) at 15microM concentration. Interestingly, the G2/M stage significantly increased at 30 and 50microM compared to the control and 15microM (P<0.02). The cell cycle of brown bear adult fibroblast cells can be successfully synchronized under a variety of culture conditions.
    Cell Biology International 07/2008; 32(7):855-9. · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of chemical inhibitors on the cell-cycle synchronisation in cat fibroblast cells and evaluated the development of interspecies embryos reconstructed from cat donor cells and enucleated bovine oocytes. Cat fibroblast cells were treated with 15 μg/mL roscovitine or 0.05 μg/mL deme-colcine prior to cell cycle analysis and nuclear transfer. The percentage of cat fibroblast cells arrested at the G0/G1 phase in the roscovitine group was similar to that in the control group without any treatment. The percentage of cells arrested at the G2/M phase was significantly higher in the demecolcine group than in the control group. The fusion rate of interspecies couplets was significantly greater in the roscovitine group than in the control group. Most embryos stopped the development at the 2- or 4-cell stage, and none developed into blastocysts. Chemical inhibitor-induced donor cell cycle synchronisation did not overcome developmental arrest in interspecies cloned embryos.
    Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 12/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several studies have previously been conducted regarding cell cycle synchronization in mammalian somatic cells. However, limited work has been performed on the control of cell cycle stages in the somatic cells of fish. The aim of this study was to determine the cell cycle arresting effects of several dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) concentrations for different times on different cell cycle stages of goldfish caudal fin-derived fibroblasts. Results demonstrated that the cycling cells or control group (68.29%) yields significantly higher (p < 0.05) arrest in G0/G1 phase compared with the group treated for 24 h with different concentrations (0.5%, 1.0% or 1.5%) of DMSO (64.88%, 65.70%, 64.22% respectively). The cell cycle synchronization in the treatment of cells with 1.0% DMSO at 48 h (81.14%) was significantly higher than that in the groups treated for 24 h (76.82%) and the control group (77.90%). Observations showed that treatment of DMSO resulted in an increase in the proportion of cells at G0/G1 phase for 48 h of culture. However, high levels of apoptotic cells can be detected after 48 h of culture treated with 1% concentration of DMSO.
    Reproduction in Domestic Animals 09/2009; 45(5):e73-7. · 1.39 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
4 Downloads
Available from
Aug 18, 2014

Similar Publications