An anti-tumor role for cGMP-dependent protein kinase.
ABSTRACT This study compared Type-1 cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) expression in normal and tumor tissues and examined PKG function in tumor growth. Studies with a cDNA array revealed that PKG expression was reduced in many tumors compared to respective normal tissue. This decrease in PKG expression was confirmed using quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting of matched colon specimens from normal epithelium and tumor tissue, and also in colon derived cell lines where luciferase reporter analysis revealed that the decreased expression occurred at the transcriptional level. Using SW620 colon carcinoma cells engineered for inducible expression of PKG1beta, it was found that exogenous PKG1beta lead to decreased tumor growth and invasiveness in nude mouse xenografts.
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ABSTRACT: The signalling pathways mediating neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis are still largely unknown. We report that the indolocarbazole compound KT5823, a specific inhibitor of cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cGK), dose-dependently inhibited spontaneous apoptosis of neutrophils. At the concentration eliciting the maximum effect (8 microM), it decreased apoptosis from 72.42+/-12.79% to 45.86+/-7.22% (p=0.0002, n=6). Similarly, the isoquinoline sulfonamide compound H89, another cGK inhibitor, prevented neutrophil apoptosis. At the concentration eliciting the maximum effect (20 microM), it decreased apoptosis from 72.42+/-12.79% to 31.84+/-10.70% (p=0.0004, n=6). The maximum effect of KT5823 and H89 was comparable to that of GM-CSF and LPS, respectively. Moreover, YC-1, a soluble guanylate cyclase activator, and 4-([3',4',-(methylenedioxy)benzyl]amino)-6-methoxyquinazoline, a specific phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, enhanced neutrophil apoptosis, and their effect was antagonised by KT5823. Taken together, these observations highlight a new role of cGK as important mediators of neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2002; 297(3):498-501. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines produced tumors after sc inoculation of 1-20 million cells into nude mice. They included 56 carcinoma lines, 14 sarcoma lines, and 57 lines from miscellaneous tumors and were all glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase type B. Twenty-nine percent of the lines produced tumors of 1 cm3 size within 1 month and 41% in the second month after inoculation. The histopathology correlated with the human tumor of origin in all cases.JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 08/1977; 59(1):221-6. · 14.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelium-specific, secreted protein that acts as a vasodilator, angiogenic peptide, and hyperpermeability factor. Recent reports have shown that nitric oxide synthase inhibitors block proliferation and microvascular hyperpermeability induced by VEGF. This study examined the mechanisms by which nitric oxide and its downstream signals mediate the VEGF-induced proliferative response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Nitric oxide synthase blockade by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester prevented both the proliferative effect of VEGF and Raf-1 activation by VEGF as measured by cell counting and the capacity of immunoprecipitated Raf-1 to phosphorylate syntide 2, a Raf-1-specific synthetic substrate. VEGF-induced proliferation and Raf-1 kinase activity were also inhibited by Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs and KT5823, inhibitors of the regulatory and catalytic subunits of cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG), respectively. The ability of PKG to stimulate proliferation was verified by the observation that the PKG activator, 8-pCPT-cGMPs, stimulated both Raf-1 kinase activity and endothelial proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, recombinant catalytically active PKG phosphorylated and activated Raf-1 in a reconstituted system. Finally, Raf-1 immunoprecipitated from VEGF-stimulated endothelial cells coprecipitated with PKG, indicating a direct protein-protein interaction in activated cells. We conclude that VEGF induces increases in both proliferation and Raf-1 kinase activity in HUVECs and these activities are dependent on NO and its downstream effector, PKG.Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/1998; 273(36):23504-8. · 4.65 Impact Factor