Suicidal behaviour in adolescents: associations with parental marital status and perceived parent-adolescent relationship.
ABSTRACT Because equivocal findings exist with regard to the relationship between adolescents' suicidal behaviour and parental marital status, the aim of this study was to investigate this relationship and in particular the effect of the perceived parent-adolescent relationship on this association, taking into account the role of gender.
For this purpose, self-report surveys were administered to a representative school-based sample of 2707 adolescents in Antwerp (Belgium).
1) Boys living in a single parent family reported more suicidal ideations and self-harming behaviour than boys living in an intact family or in a remarried family; 2) Girls living in a remarried family reported more suicidal ideations and self-harming behaviour than girls living in an intact or in a single parent family; 3) Even after controlling for the levels of perceived parent-adolescent relationship, these associations remained significant.
The cross-sectional design, the retrospective assessment of suicidality and changes in family structure, the lack of external information and the assessment of the parent-adolescent relationship for both parents together, may have influenced the findings.
When assessing risk factors for adolescent suicidality, marital status of the parents may bear clinical importance. In contrast to other studies, the perceived parent-adolescent relationship did not alter this association, a finding that needs further study.
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ABSTRACT: Parental suicidal behavior is associated with offspring's risk of suicidal behavior. However, much of the available evidence is from population registers or clinical samples. We investigated the associations of self-reported parental suicide attempt (SA) with offspring self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a prospective birth cohort. Parental SA was self-reported on 10 occasions from pregnancy until their child was 11 years of age. Offspring self-reported lifetime self-harm, with and without suicidal intent, suicidal thoughts, and suicide plans, at age 16 to 17 years. Multivariable regression models quantified the association between parental SA and offspring outcomes controlling for confounders. Data were available for 4,396 mother-child and 2,541 father-child pairs. Adjusting for confounders including parental depression, maternal SA was associated with a 3-fold increased risk of self-harm with suicidal intent in their children (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.43-6.07) but not with self-harm without suicidal intent (aOR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.35-1.99). Children whose mother attempted suicide were more likely to report suicidal thoughts and plans (aOR = 5.04, 95% CI = 2.24-11.36; aOR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.07-4.38, respectively). Findings in relation to paternal SA were somewhat weaker and not significant. Maternal SA increased their offspring's risk of self-harm with suicidal intent and of suicidal thoughts, but was unrelated to self-harm without intent; findings for paternal suicide attempt were weaker and not significant. Maternal SA, which may not come to the attention of health care professionals, represents a major risk for psychiatric morbidity in their offspring.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 05/2014; 53(5):509-517.e2. DOI:10.1016/j.jaac.2013.12.022 · 6.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Suicide in adolescents is a major problem worldwide. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in suicidal behaviors with respect to parental marital status. The data used in this study were obtained from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) of middle and high school students in 2010. Using a national representative sample, this study analyzed data from 73,238 subjects. With respect to gender, the odds ratios of suicidal behavior were calculated based on the parental marital status, living situation, and family affluence scale (FAS). After adjusting for age, achievement, sadness, and substance use, the prevalence of suicidal ideation in adolescents with a remarried parent significantly increased among boys to 1.364 [95% confidence interval (CI)=1.027-1.813] and among girls to 1.511 (95% CI=1.215-1.879). The odds ratio of suicide attempts increased to 1.808 (95% CI=1.119-2.923) for adolescent boys and to 1.947 (95% CI=1.609-2.356) for adolescent girls. However, having a single parent did not affect the prevalence of suicidal ideation in either gender. In girls, as family affluence decreased, the odds ratio of suicidal ideation notably increased. For girls whose families were in a low tier of the FAS, the odds ratio of both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts increased. Both boys and girls were more likely to report suicidal ideation and attempts after a parent's remarriage, whereas family affluence was inversely related to suicidal ideation and attempts in girls.Comprehensive psychiatry 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.03.010 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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