The CD3 gamma epsilon/delta epsilon signaling module provides normal T cell functions in the absence of the TCR zeta immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs.
ABSTRACT T cell receptor (TCR) signal transduction is mediated by the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAM). The ten ITAM in the TCR complex are distributed in two distinct signaling modules termed TCR zetazeta and CD3 gammaepsilon/deltaepsilon. To delineate the specific role of the zeta ITAM in T cell development and TCR signal transmission, we compared the properties of T cells from different TCR zeta-transgenic lines wherein tyrosine-to-phenylalanine substitutions had been introduced in the zeta subunit. These lines lack selected phosphorylated forms of TCR zeta including just p23, both p21 and p23, or all phospho-zeta derivatives. We report herein that the efficiency of positive selection in HY TCR-transgenic female mice was directly related to the number of zeta ITAM in the TCR. In contrast, TCR-mediated signal transmission and T cell proliferative responses following agonist peptide stimulation were similar and independent of the zeta ITAM. Only the duration of MAPK activation was affected by multiple zeta ITAM substitutions. These results strongly suggest that the ITAM in the CD3 gammaepsilon/deltaepsilon module can provide normal TCR signal transmission, with zeta ITAM providing a secondary function facilitating MAPK activation and positive selection.
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ABSTRACT: Antagonist-like engagement of the TCR has been proposed to induce T cell selection in the thymus. However, no natural TCR ligand with TCR antagonist activity is presently known. Using a combination of bioinformatics and functional testing we identified the first self-peptide that can both deliver antagonist-like signals and promote T cell selection in the thymus. The peptide is presented by appropriate MHC class I molecules in vivo. Thus, endogenous antagonist peptides exist and may be involved in TCR repertoire selection.The Journal of Immunology 01/2002; 167(11):6092-5. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During T cell activation, T cell receptors (TCR) cluster at the center of the T cell/antigen-presenting cell interface forming a key component of the immunological synapse. The function of this TCR clustering is still unresolved. A comprehensive search for such a function yielded a very limited and specific result. A micrometer-scale receptor clustering integrated the TCR and CD28 signals required for IL-2 secretion in primary 5C.C7 T cells, a low-affinity/avidity TCR system. 5C.C7 TCR signaling itself was not affected. In addition, central TCR accumulation was not required for any T cell effector function tested in three other TCR transgenic models. Central TCR accumulation thus had a specific role in signaling integration in low-affinity T cells.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2005; 102(8):2904-9. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The CD3epsilon proline-rich sequence (PRS) binds to the cytosolic adaptor molecule Nck after TCR ligation. It has been proposed that this interaction is essential for immunological synapse formation and T cell activation. To assess the physiological importance of the CD3epsilon PRS, we have generated mice that lack this motif (CD3epsilon.PRS(M)). Pull-down experiments demonstrated the inability of Nck to bind to the CD3epsilon PRS in thymocytes from mutant mice after TCR ligation. Surprisingly, no differences were observed in the number and percentage of T cell subsets in the thymus and spleen, and there was no apparent defect in positive or negative selection. Furthermore, the proliferative response of CD3epsilon.PRS(M) T cells to staphylococcal enterotoxin B and anti-CD3 Ab was normal. TCR surface expression, constitutive internalization, and Ag-induced down-modulation were also normal. These data suggest that the interaction between the CD3epsilon PRS and Nck, or any other Src homology 3 domain-containing molecule, is not essential for T cell development and function.The Journal of Immunology 08/2005; 175(1):270-5. · 5.52 Impact Factor