We describe a case of a venous hemangioma that arose in the optic nerve sheath of the orbital apex in a 28-year-old man who presented with progressive vision loss. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a venous hemangioma occurring at this location. A definitive diagnosis and partial excision was achieved via an endoscopic transsphenoethmoid approach with interactive, computer-assisted, frameless stereotactic surgical navigation. The intervention resulted in minimal morbidity, demonstrating yet again that this surgical approach is a safe and effective way to treat lesions of the orbital apex.
"Venous hemangiomas are one of the most common soft-tissue tumors,1 representing 7% of all benign soft-tissue tumors.2 Histologically, they are characterized as the proliferation of vascular channels whose walls contain layers of smooth muscle.3,4,5 These tumors frequently occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissue, but rarely arise in the central nervous system (CNS).6 "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although venous hemangiomas are one of the most common soft-tissue tumors, venous hemangiomas in the central nervous system are extremely rare. We present an unusual case of venous hemangioma originating from the interdural space of the tentorium. A 32-year-old woman was incidentally found to have extra-axial mass occupying the left ambient cistern. This tumor was observed for the first 4 years as it was completely asymptomatic. Surgical resection was later recommended when the tumor grew. The mass originated from between the two layers of the anteromedial tentorial incisura. There were no findings indicative of previous hemorrhage inside the mass. The matrix of the mass was firm and vascular, resembling a fibrous meningioma. Gross total resection was achieved without any neurological deficit. Pathological examination revealed a dense fibrous connective tissue with a proliferation of vessels marked by thickened walls. A spindle cell proliferation in the vessel walls did not stain with the antibody to S-100 protein. Movat stain demonstrated the venous character of the vessels. These results were histologically compatible with a venous hemangioma. Albeit extremely rare, a venous hemangioma, a distinct clinical and pathological entity from a venous angioma, can present an intracranial mass lesion.
Journal of Neurological Surgery 10/2012; 73(1):37-40. DOI:10.1055/s-0032-1312680 · 0.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Histopathological diagnosis of intraorbital tumours is of crucial value for planning further therapy. The aim of the study was to explore clinical utility of image-guided endoscopy for biopsy of orbital tumours.
Trans-nasal endoscopic biopsy of intraorbital mass lesions was performed in 6 patients using a neuro-navigation system (Medtronic Stealth Station Treon plus). The CT and MRI 1 mm slice images were fused by the system in order to visualise both bony and soft tissue structures. The anatomic fiducial registration protocol was used during the procedure.
All lesions were precisely localised and the biopsies could be taken from the representative part of the pathological mass. None of the patients developed aggravation of ocular symptoms after the procedure. The operative corridor as well as the size of orbital wall fenestration could be limited to a minimum. The accuracy of neuro-navigation remained high and stable during the entire procedure.
The image-guided neuro-navigation system facilitated endoscopic localisation and biopsy of intraorbital tumours and contributed to the reduction of surgical trauma during the procedure. The technique was particularly useful in small, medially located, retrobulbar tumours and in unclear situations when the structure of the lesion resembled surrounding intraorbital tissue.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two cases of orbital tumor are presented, and the surgical technique by means of an endoscopic transnasal approach is discussed. In Case 1, a non-vascular, benign tumor was located inside the orbit, and it was able to be completely removed, without any complications. The tumor in Case 2 was also located inside the orbit, but it was determined to be a hemangioma based on the intraoperative pathology. To avoid eye complications arising from performance of the surgery in the presence of bleeding, it was decided to widely open the orbital lamina papyracea and periosteum, and perform only orbital decompression. The eye symptoms disappeared in both patients. Endoscopic transnasal surgery is indicated for benign orbital tumors that are medially located in the orbit. It can be thought that the eye symptoms can be alleviated by avoiding orbital pressure, regardless of whether-based on the intraoperative pathology-the tumor is completely removed or not.
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