Endoscopic resection of a venous hemangioma of the optic nerve sheath.
ABSTRACT We describe a case of a venous hemangioma that arose in the optic nerve sheath of the orbital apex in a 28-year-old man who presented with progressive vision loss. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a venous hemangioma occurring at this location. A definitive diagnosis and partial excision was achieved via an endoscopic transsphenoethmoid approach with interactive, computer-assisted, frameless stereotactic surgical navigation. The intervention resulted in minimal morbidity, demonstrating yet again that this surgical approach is a safe and effective way to treat lesions of the orbital apex.
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ABSTRACT: Although venous hemangiomas are one of the most common soft-tissue tumors, venous hemangiomas in the central nervous system are extremely rare. We present an unusual case of venous hemangioma originating from the interdural space of the tentorium. A 32-year-old woman was incidentally found to have extra-axial mass occupying the left ambient cistern. This tumor was observed for the first 4 years as it was completely asymptomatic. Surgical resection was later recommended when the tumor grew. The mass originated from between the two layers of the anteromedial tentorial incisura. There were no findings indicative of previous hemorrhage inside the mass. The matrix of the mass was firm and vascular, resembling a fibrous meningioma. Gross total resection was achieved without any neurological deficit. Pathological examination revealed a dense fibrous connective tissue with a proliferation of vessels marked by thickened walls. A spindle cell proliferation in the vessel walls did not stain with the antibody to S-100 protein. Movat stain demonstrated the venous character of the vessels. These results were histologically compatible with a venous hemangioma. Albeit extremely rare, a venous hemangioma, a distinct clinical and pathological entity from a venous angioma, can present an intracranial mass lesion.Journal of neurological surgery reports. 10/2012; 73(1):37-40.
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ABSTRACT: The objective of the study is to present our multicentric experience on intraorbital lesions managed by means of an endonasal endoscopic approach. The study design used was multi-institutional retrospective review. We collected data on 16 intraorbital medially-located lesions, all managed by means of an endonasal route, treated in four different skull base centers. We retrospectively reviewed the technical details, complications, histology, and general outcome. The endoscopic endonasal approach was effective in removing completely intraorbital extra-intraconal tumors in 8 cases, in performing biopsies for histological diagnosis in 6 intraorbital intraconal tumors, and in draining 1 extraconal abscess. No major complications were observed; in particular, there was no optic nerve damage. Minor, temporary complications (diplopia) were seen in 3 cases; only 2 patients experienced a permanent diplopia related to medial rectus muscle impairment, in 1 case associated with enophthalmos. Our preliminary multi-centric clinical experience suggests that medially located intraorbital lesions, and in particular the infero-medial ones, can be successfully and safely managed by such an approach. The well-known advantages of the endoscopic techniques, namely the lack of external scars, less bleeding, shorter hospital stay, and fewer complications, are confirmed.Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 08/2012; 269(8):1929-35. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Histopathological diagnosis of intraorbital tumours is of crucial value for planning further therapy. The aim of the study was to explore clinical utility of image-guided endoscopy for biopsy of orbital tumours. Trans-nasal endoscopic biopsy of intraorbital mass lesions was performed in 6 patients using a neuro-navigation system (Medtronic Stealth Station Treon plus). The CT and MRI 1 mm slice images were fused by the system in order to visualise both bony and soft tissue structures. The anatomic fiducial registration protocol was used during the procedure. All lesions were precisely localised and the biopsies could be taken from the representative part of the pathological mass. None of the patients developed aggravation of ocular symptoms after the procedure. The operative corridor as well as the size of orbital wall fenestration could be limited to a minimum. The accuracy of neuro-navigation remained high and stable during the entire procedure. The image-guided neuro-navigation system facilitated endoscopic localisation and biopsy of intraorbital tumours and contributed to the reduction of surgical trauma during the procedure. The technique was particularly useful in small, medially located, retrobulbar tumours and in unclear situations when the structure of the lesion resembled surrounding intraorbital tissue.Acta Neurochirurgica 06/2008; 150(5):441-5; discussion 445. · 1.79 Impact Factor