Genetic analysis of Arabidopsis GATA transcription factor gene family reveals a nitrate-inducible member important for chlorophyll synthesis and glucose sensitivity.
ABSTRACT The Arabidopsis GATA transcription factor family has 30 members, the biological function of most of which is poorly understood. Homozygous T-DNA insertion lines for 23 of the 30 members were identified and analyzed. Genetic screening of the insertion lines in defined growth conditions revealed one line with an altered phenotype, while the other lines showed no obvious change. This line, SALK_001778, has a T-DNA insertion in the second exon of At5g56860 which prevents the expression of the GATA domain. Genetic analysis of the mutant demonstrated that the phenotypic change is caused by a single gene effect and is recessive to the wild-type allele. In wild-type plants, the expression of At5g56860 is shoot-specific, occurs at an early stage of development and is inducible by nitrate. Loss of expression of At5g56860 in the loss-of-function mutant plants resulted in reduced chlorophyll levels. A transcript profiling experiment revealed that a considerable proportion of genes downregulated in the loss-of-function mutants are involved in carbon metabolism and At5g56860 is thus designated GNC (GATA, nitrate-inducible, carbon metabolism-involved). gnc mutants with no GNC expression are more sensitive to exogenous glucose, and two hexose transporter genes, with a possible connection to glucose signaling, are significantly downregulated, while GNC over-expressing transgenic plants upregulate their expression and are less sensitive to exogenous glucose. These observations suggest a function for GNC in regulating carbon and nitrogen metabolism.
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ABSTRACT: The completion of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome sequence allows a comparative analysis of transcriptional regulators across the three eukaryotic kingdoms. Arabidopsis dedicates over 5% of its genome to code for more than 1500 transcription factors, about 45% of which are from families specific to plants. Arabidopsis transcription factors that belong to families common to all eukaryotes do not share significant similarity with those of the other kingdoms beyond the conserved DNA binding domains, many of which have been arranged in combinations specific to each lineage. The genome-wide comparison reveals the evolutionary generation of diversity in the regulation of transcription.Science 01/2001; 290(5499):2105-10. · 31.03 Impact Factor
Article: The fungal GATA factors.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The DNA-binding domains of eucaryotic GATA factors comprise a four-cysteine Zn finger and an adjacent basic region. Fungal GATA factors regulate nitrogen metabolism, light induction, siderophore biosynthesis and mating-type switching. Hydrophobic interactions determine binding-site specificity. Interactions with other factors may determine promoter specificity. One GATA factor has recently been shown to determine a drastic chromatin rearrangement.Current Opinion in Microbiology 05/2000; 3(2):126-31. · 8.23 Impact Factor
- Trends in Biochemical Sciences 04/1998; 23(3):100-2. · 13.08 Impact Factor