Extension of the adult hepatic allograft pool using split liver transplantation.
ABSTRACT The ever increasing number of, especially, adults waiting for a liver transplantation necessitates to develop techniques allowing to extend the available donor liver pool.
Between November 1988 and December 2004, 37 (6.6%) of 559 adults underwent split liver transplantation at Saint-Luc Hospitals. There were 36 were right and one left split procedures; 27 split grafts were obtained ex-situ and 10 in-situ. Results of these series are analysed and compared to literature data of split liver transplantation.
Three and 12 months patient survival rates were 89.2% and 78.4% respectively. Five years actuarial patient survival was 75.7%. Early (< 3 months) and late (> 3 months) mortality rates were 10.8% (4 pat.) and 21.6% respectively. Early mortality was significantly higher in case of urgent split liver transplantation (3/5 patients vs. 2/32 elective patients--p 0.001). At present 25 patients are alive, with a mean Karnofsky score of 90%. Three and 12 months graft survival rates were 91.7% and 87.1% respectively. Three and one grafts were lost due to primary and early graft non-function. In-situ split grafts had shorter mean warm, cold, total ischemia and operating times as well as less need for blood transfusion; all these differences were however not statistically significant. Surgical complications occurred in 19 (51%) patients. All but one complication occurred early (< 3 months). There were sixteen biliary complications in 13 (35.1%) patients: 9 anastomotic stenoses, 3 anastomotic and 4 transection margin leakages. Six vascular complications occurred in 6 (15.2%) patients: three arterial and 3 portal vein thromboses. Seven (18.9%) patients had a postoperative bleeding.
Graft and patient survival rates of split liver transplantation can be compared to those of classic liver transplantation. However the care of these patients is demanding due to the high number of technical complications. Results of split liver transplantation must be further improved in order to foster it's more widespread use necessary to overcome the actual shortage of liver allografts.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: This aim of this study is to determine the risk factors in failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). BACKGROUND:: Endoscopic treatment is considered the first-line intervention for biliary anastomotic stricture (BAS) after right-lobe living donor liver transplantation with duct-to-duct anastomosis. METHODS:: A retrospective study was performed on 287 patients who received right-lobe living donor liver transplantation with duct-to-duct anastomosis. The morphology of BAS was defined according to the shape of the distal side of duct-to-duct anastomosis shown on cholangiogram and was categorized into 3 types: pouched, intermediately pouched, and triangular. All cases of ERC were performed by operating surgeons. RESULTS:: Fifty-nine patients (20.6%) had BAS and received ERC and balloon dilatation with or without stenting. The success rate was 73.2%. The median number of sessions needed for successful ERC was 3. In the 15 patients with failed ERC, 4 were successfully treated with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and balloon dilatation and 11 underwent conversion hepaticojejunostomy (6 had external percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage as a temporizing measure). On multivariate analysis, recipient age [odds ratio (OR): 0.922; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-1.00; P = 0.049], operation time (OR: 1.007; 95% CI: 1.001-1.013; P = 0.025), and morphology of stricture (OR: 6.722; 95% CI: 1.31-34.48; P = 0.022) were independent risk factors associated with failed ERC. The success rates for the 3 types of BAS-pouched, intermediately pouched, and triangular-were 42.9%, 63.6%, and 88.9%, respectively (P = 0.021). Association was found between bile leak and pouched BAS (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS:: ERC is highly effective in treating BAS. A success rate of 73%, the highest ever reported, has been achieved. Morphology of stricture is associated with outcome of ERC. Radiological or surgical intervention should be considered for patients with pouched BAS after endoscopic treatment fails for the first time.Annals of surgery 05/2013; · 7.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: To analyze in a multicenter study the potential benefit of a new prospective policy development to increase split-liver procedures for 2 adult recipients. BACKGROUND:: Split-liver transplantation is an important means of overcoming organ shortages. Division of the donor liver for 1 adult and 1 pediatric recipient has reduced the mortality of children waiting for liver transplantation but the benefits or disadvantages to survival when the liver is divided for 2 adults (adult-to-adult split-liver transplant, AASLT) compared with recipients of a whole graft have not been fully investigated. METHODS:: We developed a computerized algorithm in selected donors for 2 adult recipients and applied it prospectively over a 12-year period among 7 collaborative centers. Patient and graft outcomes of this cohort receiving AASLT either as full right grafts or full left grafts were analyzed and retrospectively compared with a matched cohort of adults who received a conventional whole-liver transplant (WLT). Univariate and multivariate analysis was done for selected clinical variables in the AASLT group to assess the impact on the patient outcome. RESULTS:: Sixty-four patients who received the AASLT had a high postoperative complication rate (64.1% grade III and IV) and a lower 5-year survival rate than recipients of a WLT (63.3% and 83.1%) CONCLUSIONS:: AASLT should be considered a surgical option for selected smaller-sized adults only in experimental clinical studies in experienced centers.Annals of surgery 03/2013; · 7.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The history of organ transplantation in Hungary dates back to 50 years, and the first succesful liver transplantation was performed in the United States in that time as well. The number of patients with end stage liver disease increased worldwide, and over 7000 patients die in each year due to liver disease in Hungary. The most effective treatment of end-stage liver disease is liver transplantation. The indications of liver transplantation represent a wide spectrum including viral, alcoholic or other parenchymal liver cirrhosis, but cholestatic liver disease and acute fulminant cases are also present in the daily routine. In pediatric patients biliary atresia and different forms of metabolic liver disorders represent the main indication for liver transplantation. The results of liver transplantation in Hungary are optimal with over 80% long-term survival. For better survival individual drug therapy and monitoring are introduced in liver transplant candidates. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 858-862.Orvosi Hetilap 06/2013; 154(22):858-862.