Labeling of fusion proteins of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase with small molecules in vivo and in vitro.
ABSTRACT The in vivo and in vitro labeling of fusion proteins with synthetic molecules capable of probing and controlling protein function has the potential to become an important method in functional genomics and proteomics. We have recently introduced an approach for the specific labeling of fusion proteins, which is based on the generation of fusion proteins with the human DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (hAGT) and the irreversible reaction of hAGT with O6-benzylguanine derivatives. Here, we report optimized protocols for the synthesis of O6-benzylguanine derivatives and the use of such derivatives for the labeling of different hAGT fusion proteins in vivo and in vitro.
Article: An update on dual Src/Abl inhibitors[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: c-Src and Bcr-Abl are two cytoplasmatic tyrosine kinases (TKs) involved in the development of malignancies. In particular, Bcr-Abl is the etiologic agent of chronic myeloid leukemia, where Src is also involved; the latter is hyperactivated in several solid tumors. Because of the structural homology between Src and Abl, several compounds originally synthesized as Src inhibitors have also been shown to be Abl inhibitors, useful in overcoming the onset of some types of chronic myeloid leukemia resistances, which frequently appear in the advanced phases of pathology. In recent years, the development of such compounds has been promoted by both excellent preclinical and clinical results, and by the theory that dual or multi-targeted inhibitors might be more effective than selective inhibitors. This review is an update on the most important dual inhibitors already in clinical trials and includes information regarding compounds that have appeared in the literature in recent years.Future medicinal chemistry 04/2012; 4(6):799-822. DOI:10.4155/fmc.12.29 · 4.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fluorescent protein reporters have become the mainstay for tracing cellular circuitry in vivo but are limited in their versatility. Here we generated Cre-dependent reporter mice expressing the Snap-tag to target synthetic indicators to cells. Snap-tag labeling worked efficiently and selectively in vivo, allowing for both the manipulation of behavior and monitoring of cellular fluorescence from the same reporter.Nature Methods 12/2014; DOI:10.1038/nmeth.3207 · 25.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Protein-fragment Complementation Assays (PCAs) are a family of assays for detecting protein-protein interactions (PPIs) that have been developed to provide simple and direct ways to study PPIs in any living cell, multicellular organism, or in vitro. PCAs can be used to detect PPI between proteins of any molecular weight and expressed at their endogenous levels. Proteins are expressed in their appropriate cellular compartments and can undergo any posttranslational modification or degradation that, barring effects of the PCA fragment fusion, they would normally undergo. Assays can be performed in any cell type or model organism that can be transformed or transfected with gene expression DNA constructs. Here we focus on recent applications of PCA in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, that cover the gamut of applications one could envision for studying any aspect of PPIs. We present detailed protocols for large-scale analysis of PPIs with the survival-selection dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), reporter PCA, and a new PCA based on a yeast cytosine deaminase reporter that allows for both survival and death selection. This PCA should prove a powerful way to dissect PPIs. We then present methods to study spatial localization and dynamics of PPIs based on fluorescent protein reporter PCAs.Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2011; 756:395-425. DOI:10.1007/978-1-61779-160-4_25 · 1.29 Impact Factor