The framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) was applied to examine the factors associated with childhood impairment and leisure activity. Information on leisure activity was obtained using a structured questionnaire from a population-based cohort of young adults with childhood impairment. The results underscore the differences in leisure lifestyles by impairment type and severity. Activity limitations, educational attainment, and the acquisition of adult social roles were significant predictors of leisure activity. This study emphasizes the importance of improving daily activities, increasing attendance of postsecondary school and opportunities for competitive employment and participation in impairment-related programs to help increase the number and scope of types of leisure activities for young adults with developmental disabilities.
"A standard environment is supposed to have the same facilitating impact regarding all persons in all countries. Van Naarden Braun et al. (2006) do not make any assumptions about a standard environment . Instead, the measured variables represent reported performance in the actual environments of the studied persons. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interdisciplinary differences regarding understanding the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) concepts activity/participation may hinder its unifying purpose. In the ICF model, functioning (and disability) is described as a tripartite concept: 1) Body structures/functions, 2) Activities, and 3) Participation. Activities refer to an individual perspective on disability that does not tally with the basic structure of social models.
To review how activity and participation are actually used in studies of intellectual disability (ID).
Based on 16 papers, four different usages of activity/participation were found. 1) Theoretical reference to tripartite ICF concept with attempts to use it. 2) Theoretical reference to tripartite ICF concept without actual use of activities. 3) "Atheoretical" approach with implicit focus on participation. 4) Theoretical reference to bipartite concept with corresponding use of terms. The highlighted studies have in common a focus on participation. However, the usage of the term "activity" differs both within and between studies. Such terminology will probably confuse interdisciplinary communication rather than facilitating it. Also, the use of an explicit underlying theory differs, from references to a tripartite to references to a bipartite concept of disability. This paper is focused on ID, but the discussed principles regarding the ICF and interdisciplinary disability theory are applicable to other diagnostic groups within rehabilitation practices.
"Research has shown that participation in leisure activities of people with developmental disabilities favours their inclusion in the community and it improves their perception of quality of life and contributes to the acquisition of adaptive skills (Cummins & Lau 2003; Kraemer et al. 2003; Duvdevany & Arar 2004; Orsmond et al. 2004). However, diverse studies have shown that people with disabilities participate less in social and leisure activities in comparison to people who have no disabilities (Duvdevany 2002; Duvdevany & Arar 2004; Orsmond et al. 2004; Van Naarden Braun et al. 2006; Poulsen et al. 2007). Likewise, it has been confirmed that people with developmental disabilities predominantly participate in segregated leisure activities that are organised and planned in day care centres (Beart et al. 2001; Verdonschot et al. 2009a), and that, moreover, they are predetermined by the professionals and the family, so that the leisure engaged in by people with a disability does not really reflect their personal interests (Hawkins 1993; Zijlstra & Vlaskamp 2005). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background People with developmental disabilities are at high risk for a limited participation in leisure activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the participation in, preference for and interest in leisure activities of young and adults with developmental disabilities, and to examine the factors associated with leisure activity. Methods A cross-sectional design was used with a convenience sample of 237 people aged 17 to 65, living in the community. Leisure participation was assessed with the Spanish version of Leisure Assessment Inventory. Percentages were calculated by types of activity, and repeated measures anovas were used to analyse the differences between types of activities, and mixed anovas to analyse the factors that explain differences in leisure activity participation, preference and interest. Results Leisure social activities and recreation activities at home were mostly solitary and passive in nature and were identified as those being most commonly engaged in. Respondents expressed preference for more social and physical activity, and they were interested in trying out a large number of physical activities. Age and type of schooling determine participation in leisure activity. The results underscore the differences in leisure activity participation, preference and interest depending on the severity of the disability. Conclusions The findings reveal interesting patterns of participation in leisure activities from the viewpoint of youngsters and adults with developmental disabilities. Leisure participation among people with developmental disabilities is likely to be more affected by environmental factors than by personal factors.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 03/2012; 57(4). DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01539.x · 2.41 Impact Factor
"This finding may be consistent with previous research examining activity participation among those with disabilities. For example, studies have found that individuals with intellectual disabilities participate in fewer adaptive leisure activities than both typically developing individuals and those with other disabilities (e.g., cerebral palsy, hearing loss, seizure disorder) (Van Naarden Braun et al. 2006). In addition, children with intellectual disabilities participate in fewer physical activities than their typically developing peers beginning in childhood (Foley et al. 2008), and these rates of participation further decline during adolescence (Kozub 2003). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anecdotal reports indicate that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often preoccupied with television, computers, and video games (screen-based media). However, few studies have examined this issue. The current study examined screen-based media use among a large, nationally representative sample of youths participating in the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2). The majority of youths with ASD (64.2%) spent most of their free time using non-social media (television, video games), while only 13.2% spent time on social media (email, internet chatting). Compared with other disability groups (speech/language impairments, learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities), rates of non-social media use were higher among the ASD group, and rates of social media use were lower. Demographic and symptom-specific correlates were also examined.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2011; 42(8):1757-67. DOI:10.1007/s10803-011-1413-8 · 3.06 Impact Factor
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