Outcomes for long-term patients one year after discharge from a psychiatric hospital.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects associated with moving patients from hospital to community-based settings, to compare persons who left the hospital with those who remained in the hospital, and to address the question of whether discharge reverses institutionalism in a sample of elderly long-stay psychiatric inpatients.
The hypotheses were that, compared with the control group of patients who stayed in the hospital, those who left would have significantly better mental states, social functioning, and social networks at follow-up; that community settings would provide a significantly better quality of environment than the hospital; and that discharged patients would express a preference for community care after discharge from the hospital. The study was a prospective nonrandomized controlled trial at Cane Hill, Friern, and Claybury Hospitals in England. Sixty long-term patients with schizophrenia who were discharged to community care were compared over time with matched controls (N=131).
No overall differences were detected in the pattern or severity of symptoms between patients who were discharged from the hospital and those who were not, and no significant changes over time were noted. Significant improvements in social networks, patients' preference for community settings, and quality of clinical environment were noted.
These results give qualified support for moving long-stay psychiatric patients from hospital to community settings.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to examine the specific characteristics of inpatients deemed by their psychiatrist to require ongoing care in a civil or forensic hospital setting compared to those who could benefit from care in a residential setting. The male participants (n = 178) involved in this study came from two such hospital settings. The results show that current hospitalization in a forensic psychiatric unit and aggressive behaviors act as obstacles to being redirected toward community-based treatment. There is a need to further assess interventions targeting aggressive behaviours so as to allow a greater number of patients to access community-based care.International Journal of Forensic Mental Health. 04/2012; 11(2):110-118.
- Jornal brasileiro de psiquiatria 12/2007; 57(1):70-79.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to clarify the influence of deinstitutionalization on discharged long-stay patients based on a review of recently published literature. English-language studies were searched from PubMed and Embase for the years 2000-2012, with the terms 'long-stay' or 'chronic mentally ill' and 'deinstitutionalis(z)ation' or 'community' or 'discharged' in the title and/or abstract. The present study defined long-stay as hospitalization >6 months. A total of 14 articles were identified. The majority of the participants suffered from schizophrenia. The most frequently assessed outcomes were social functioning, psychiatric symptoms and quality of life (QOL)/participant attitudes towards the environment. For social functioning, most of the studies found favorable changes. As regards psychiatric symptoms, stability or at least some improvements were detected. For QOL/participant attitudes towards the environment, positive changes, at least at some time-points, were noted. Significant deterioration was rare in all of the three outcomes. The majority of the participants showed enhancements in social functioning despite the fact that functional impairment is common in persons with schizophrenia, which indicates that even long-stay patients could achieve better functioning by deinstitutionalization. Although the stability in symptoms might be due to continuous schizophrenia course, moving to the community may also lead to improvement. The favorable changes in QOL/participants' attitudes towards the environment are in line with other studies.Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 07/2013; · 2.04 Impact Factor