Article

Psychological and marital adjustment in couples following a traumatic brain injury (TBI): a critical review.

Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Trois-Riviéres, Québec, Canada.
Brain Injury (Impact Factor: 1.86). 01/2006; 19(14):1223-35. DOI: 10.1080/02699050500309387
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The first part of this paper examines current data describing the psychological and marital adjustment of couples following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although these findings reveal some discrepancies, they highlight that adjustment following a TBI represents a genuine challenge for those involved in the process. The second part moves toward the examination of factors associated with psychological and marital adjustment in both couple partners. Here again, there exists a large diversity in empirical data and theoretical models informing this emerging area of interest. Nevertheless, cognitive variables such as coping skills are commonly seen as critical variables to explain the adjustment level in people with TBI and their spouse/caregivers. Concurrently with the discussion of the methodological issues and pitfalls encountered in this area of research, the conclusion provides suggestions of further steps to undertake in this endeavour toward a better understanding of the adjustment process following TBI.

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