Two Plasmodium falciparum merozoite proteins binding to erythrocyte band 3 form a direct complex.
ABSTRACT Erythrocyte invasion by malaria parasites requires multiple protein interactions. Our earlier studies showed that erythrocyte band 3 is an invasion receptor binding Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 and 9 (MSP1, MSP9) existing as a co-ligand complex. In this study, we have used biochemical approaches to identify the binding sites within MSP1 and MSP9 involved in the co-ligand complex formation. A major MSP9-binding site is located within the 19kDa C-terminal domain of MSP1 (MSP1(19)). Two specific regions of MSP9 defined as Delta1a and Delta2 interacted with native MSP1(19). The 42 kDa domain of MSP1 (MSP1(42)) bearing MSP1(19) in the C-terminus bound directly to both MSP9/Delta1a and Delta2. Thus, the regions of MSP1 and MSP9 interacting with the erythrocyte band 3 receptor are also responsible for assembling the co-ligand complex. Our evidence suggests a ternary complex is formed between MSP1, MSP9, and band 3 during erythrocyte invasion by P. falciparum.
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ABSTRACT: Each Bartonella species appears to be highly adapted to one or a limited number of reservoir hosts, in which it establishes long-lasting intraerythrocytic bacteremia as the hallmark of infection. Recently, we identified Trw as the bacterial system involved in recognition of erythrocytes according to their animal origin. The T4SS Trw is characterized by a multiprotein complex that spans the inner and outer bacterial membranes, and possesses a hypothetical pilus structure. TrwJ, I, H and trwL are present in variable copy numbers in different species and the multiple copies of trwL and trwJ in the Bartonella trw locus are considered to encode variant forms of surface-exposed pilus components. We therefore aimed to identify which of the candidate Trw pilus components were located on the bacterial surface and involved in adhesion to erythrocytes, together with their erythrocytic receptor. Using different technologies (electron microscopy, phage display, invasion inhibition assay, far western blot), we found that only TrwJ1 and TrwJ2 were expressed and localized at the cell surface of B. birtlesii and had the ability to bind to mouse erythrocytes, and that their receptor was band3, one of the major outer-membrane glycoproteins of erythrocytes, (anion exchanger). According to these results, we propose that the interaction between TrwJ1, TrwJ2 and band 3 leads to the critical host-specific adherence of Bartonella to its host cells, erythrocytes.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e41447. · 4.09 Impact Factor