The association between prior percutaneous coronary intervention and short-term outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting.
ABSTRACT Increasingly, patients are being referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for management of symptoms after prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this study, we assessed the impact of prior PCI on inhospital mortality after CABG.
Perioperative data were collected on patients who underwent first-time CABG at 2 surgical centers. Patients who underwent PCI and CABG during the same admission were excluded. Patients with prior PCI were compared with patients with no prior PCI, and the risk-adjusted impact of prior PCI on inhospital mortality after CABG was determined using both multivariate techniques and propensity score matching techniques.
Six thousand thirty-two patients met inclusion criteria. Patients with prior PCI were less likely to be between the ages of 70 and 80 (P < .0001), to have an ejection fraction <0.40 (P < .0001), and to have 3-vessel/left main disease (P < .0001). They were, however, more likely to have Canadian Cardiovascular Society class IV symptoms (P < .0001) and to have an urgent status (P = .02). Rates of inhospital mortality after CABG were higher in patients with prior PCI (3.6% vs 2.3%, P = .02). Using multivariate techniques, prior PCI emerged as an independent predictor of postoperative inhospital mortality (odds ratio 1.93, P = .003). When patients with prior PCI were matched to patients with no prior PCI using propensity scores, inhospital mortality remained higher among patients with prior PCI (3.6% vs 1.7%, P = .01).
Patients with prior PCI presented for CABG with less comorbidity and diminished coronary disease; yet, they had more advanced symptoms and greater urgency. After adjusting for these differences, prior PCI emerged as an independent predictor of inhospital mortality after CABG.
- SourceAvailable from: Alejandro Delacasa[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using stent implantation versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with multiple vessel disease with involvement of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). 230 patients with multiple vessel disease and severe stenosis of the proximal LAD (113 with PCI, 117 with CABG). They were a cohort of patients from the randomised ERACI (Argentine randomized trial of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty versus coronary artery bypass surgery in multivessel disease) II study. Both groups had similar baseline characteristics. There were no significant differences in 30 day major adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and repeat procedures) between the strategies (PCI 2.7% v CABG 7.6%, p = 0.18). There were no significant differences in survival (PCI 96.4% v CABG 95%, p = 0.98) and survival with freedom from myocardial infarction (PCI 92% v CABG 89%, p = 0.94) at 41.5 (6) months' follow up. However, freedom from new revascularisation procedures (CABG 96.6% v PCI 73%, p = 0.0002) and frequency of angina (CABG 9.4% v PCI 22%, p = 0.025) were superior in the CABG group. Patients with multivessel disease and significant disease of the proximal LAD randomly assigned in the ERACI II trial to PCI or CABG had similar survival and survival with freedom from myocardial infarction at long term follow up. Repeat revascularisation procedures were higher in the PCI group.Heart (British Cardiac Society) 03/2003; 89(2):184-8. · 5.01 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine - N ENGL J MED. 01/1994; 331(16):1037-1043.
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ABSTRACT: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) improve the clinical status of patients with isolated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis. At 2 years, only additional revascularization was more frequently required after PTCA. We monitored 134 patients randomized to PTCA (n=68) or CABG (n=66) for </=5 years. End points were death, myocardial infarction, need for additional revascularization, clinical status, and medical treatment. At 5 years, 6 patients (9%) had died in the PTCA group versus 2 (3%) in the CABG group (P=0.12). One patient in each group died of a cardiac cause. Myocardial infarction was more frequent after PTCA (15% versus 4%; P=0.0001), but Q-wave infarction was not (6% in the PTCA group versus 3% in the CABG group; P=0.8). Additional revascularization was required in 38% of patients in the PTCA group versus 9% in the CABG group (P=0.0001). Functional status was comparable, with 6% of patients after PTCA and 3% after CABG in functional class III or IV. Finally, after PTCA or CABG, 62% and 91% of patients, respectively, were free of events (P=0.0001). The 5-year prognosis of patients with isolated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis is good. Both PTCA and CABG improve clinical status, but revascularization was needed more frequently after PTCA. There is an excess incidence of non-Q-wave myocardial infarction in the PTCA group that does not affect the vital or symptomatic outcome.Circulation 07/1999; 99(25):3255-9. · 15.20 Impact Factor