Spheres of clinical nurse specialist practice influence evidence-based care for patients with atrial fibrillation.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to review atrial fibrillation (AF) and its consequences, to present sources of published evidence-based guidelines for management of AF, and to highlight multifaceted clinical nurse specialist (CNS) interventions that promote positive outcomes for patients with AF.
The number of people with AF is expected to increase from 2.3 million to more than 5 million in the next 50 years. AF is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, healthcare expenditures, and decreased quality of life. Recognition of the growing number of AF cases and adverse consequences of AF led to development of evidence-based guidelines for AF management. Although nurses in diverse settings are accountable for providing evidence-based care for patients with AF, the guidelines have not been widely disseminated to nurses.
This discussion includes a review of the adverse consequences of AF and a summary of management of recently detected AF with a focus on recommendations for nursing activities/interventions that are supported by evidence-based guidelines. Multifaceted strategies directed toward nurses and nursing practice, patients/clients, and organizations/systems that are linked to published CNS competencies and outcomes are highlighted.
CNS influence in all 3 spheres of CNS practice promotes positive outcomes that include improved patient/client functioning and self-management, reduced complications of treatment, decreased fragmentation of care, advancement of professional nursing practice, adherence to regulatory standards, and development of patient care processes that are supported by published guidelines.
With the use of the strategies discussed, clinical nurse specialists, whose spheres of influence include nursing and nursing practice, patients/clients, and organizations/systems, promote improved patient outcomes through implementation of evidence-based guidelines for AF management.
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ABSTRACT: Nurses and nurse practitioners play an integral role in initiating and managing antithrombotic prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Since the advent of warfarin in the 1950s, there have been few changes in this field until recently. Warfarin has been used for decades and has well-demonstrated efficacy. However, it also has well-known drawbacks, including an unpredictable dose response, need for anticoagulation monitoring, frequent dose adjustments, and many drug and food interactions. A new generation of anticoagulants, which includes direct thrombin inhibitors and selective Factor Xa inhibitors, shows the potential to significantly improve options for antithrombotic prophylaxis and to positively affect patient outcomes. The objective of this review is to update nurses on the new oral anticoagulants, other recent developments, such as improved risk-assessment techniques, and the role of over-the-counter products, including aspirin.European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 02/2013; · 2.04 Impact Factor
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Article: Co-Principal Investigators