CLAC binds to aggregated Abeta and Abeta fragments, and attenuates fibril elongation.
ABSTRACT Deposition of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) into amyloid plaques is one of the invariant neuropathological features of Alzheimer's disease. Proteins that codeposit with Abeta are potentially important for the pathogenesis, and a recently discovered plaque-associated protein is the collagenous Alzheimer amyloid plaque component (CLAC). In this study, we investigated the molecular interactions between Abeta aggregates and CLAC using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and a solid-phase binding immunoassay. We found that CLAC binds to Abeta with high affinity, that the central region of Abeta is necessary and sufficient for CLAC interaction, and that the aggregation state of Abeta as well as the presence of negatively charged residues is important. We also show that this binding results in a reduced rate of fibril elongation. Taken together, we suggest that CLAC becomes involved at an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis by binding to Abeta fibrils, including fibrils formed from peptides with truncated N- or C-termini, and thereby slows their growth.
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ABSTRACT: The standard collagen triple-helix requires a perfect (Gly-Xaa-Yaa)(n) sequence, yet all nonfibrillar collagens contain interruptions in this tripeptide repeating pattern. Defining the structural consequences of disruptions in the sequence pattern may shed light on the biological role of sequence interruptions, which have been suggested to play a role in molecular flexibility, collagen degradation, and ligand binding. Previous studies on model peptides with 1- and 4-residue interruptions showed a localized perturbation within the triple-helix, and this work is extended to introduce natural collagen interruptions up to nine residue in length within a fixed (Gly-Pro-Hyp)(n) peptide context. All peptides in this set show decreases in triple-helix content and stability, with greater conformational perturbations for the interruptions longer than five residue. The most stable and least perturbed structure is seen for the 5-residue interruption peptide, whose sequence corresponds to a Gly to Ala missense mutation, such as those leading to collagen genetic diseases. The triple-helix peptides containing 8- and 9-residue interruptions exhibit a strong propensity for self-association to fibrous structures. In addition, a small peptide modeling only the 9-residue sequence within the interruption aggregates to form amyloid-like fibrils with antiparallel beta-sheet structure. The 8- and 9-residue interruption sequences studied here are predicted to have significant cross-beta aggregation potential, and a similar propensity is reported for approximately 10% of other naturally occurring interruptions. The presence of amyloidogenic sequences within or between triple-helix domains may play a role in molecular association to normal tissue structures and could participate in observed interactions between collagen and amyloid.Protein Science 03/2010; 19(5):1053-64. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Type XXV collagen, or collagen-like amyloidogenic component, is a component of amyloid plaques, and recent studies suggest this collagen affects amyloid fibril elongation and has a genetic association with Alzheimer's disease. The relationship between the collagen triple helix and amyloid fibrils was investigated by studying peptide models, including a very stable triple helical peptide (Pro-Hyp-Gly)₁₀ , an amyloidogenic peptide GNNQQNY, and a hybrid peptide where the GNNQQNY sequence was incorporated between (GPO)(n) domains. Circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy showed the GNNQQNY peptide formed a random coil structure, whereas the hybrid peptide contained a central disordered GNNQQNY region transitioning to triple-helical ends. Light scattering confirmed the GNNQQNY peptide had a high propensity to form amyloid fibrils, whereas amyloidogenesis was delayed in the hybrid peptide. NMR data suggested the triple-helix constraints on the GNNQQNY sequence within the hybrid peptide may disfavor the conformational change necessary for aggregation. Independent addition of a triple-helical peptide to the GNNQQNY peptide under aggregating conditions delayed nucleation and amyloid fibril growth. The inhibition of amyloid nucleation depended on the Gly-Xaa-Yaa sequence and required the triple-helix conformation. The inhibitory effect of the collagen triple-helix on an amyloidogenic sequence, when in the same molecule or when added separately, suggests Type XXV collagen, and possibly other collagens, may play a role in regulating amyloid fibril formation.Biopolymers 10/2012; 97(10):795-806. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Collagen XXIII is a transmembrane collagen previously shown to be upregulated in metastatic prostate cancer that has been used as a tissue and fluid biomarker for non-small cell lung cancer and prostate cancer. To determine whether collagen XXIII facilitates cancer cell metastasis in vivo and to establish a function for collagen XXIII in cancer progression, collagen XXIII knockdown cells were examined for alterations in in vivo metastasis as well as in vitro cell adhesion. In experimental and spontaneous xenograft models of metastasis, H460 cells expressing collagen XXIII shRNA formed fewer lung metastases than control cells. Loss of collagen XXIII in H460 cells also impaired cell adhesion, anchorage-independent growth and cell seeding to the lung, but did not affect cell proliferation. Corroborating a role for collagen XXIII in cell adhesion, overexpression of collagen XXIII in H1299 cells, which do not express endogenous collagen XXIII, enhanced cell adhesion. Consequent reduction in OB-cadherin, alpha-catenin, gamma-catenin, beta-catenin, vimentin and galectin-3 protein expression was also observed in response to loss of collagen XXIII. This study suggests a potential role for collagen XXIII in mediating metastasis by facilitating cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion as well as anchorage-independent cell growth.Oncogene 10/2011; 31(18):2362-72. · 7.36 Impact Factor