Article

Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): Norms for young adult women

Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, ND 58103, USA.
Behaviour Research and Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.85). 02/2006; 44(1):53-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2004.12.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In order to establish norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among young adult women, the questionnaire was administered to a large general population sample of women aged 18-42 yr in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) region of Australia. Normative data were derived for EDE-Q subscales and for the occurrence of specific eating disorder behaviours, for each of five age bands (18-22, 23-27, 28-32, 33-37, 38-42 yr). Mean scores (SDs) for the Restraint, Eating Concern, Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales for the total sample (n = 5,255) were, respectively, 1.30 (1.40), 0.76 (1.06), 1.79 (1.51) and 2.23 (1.65). The mean global score was 1.52 (1.25). The regular occurrence of objective and subjective overeating episodes was reported by 10.6% and 12.7% of participants, respectively. The regular use of self-induced vomiting, laxative misuse, and use of diuretics, was reported by 1.4%, 1.0%, and 0.3%, of participants, respectively, while 2.2% of participants reported regularly using diet pills. "Extreme dietary restraint" and "excessive exercise" were reported by 3.4% and 4.9% of participants, respectively. Both attitudinal and behavioural features of eating disorder psychopathology tended to decrease with increasing age. These data will inform researchers intending to use the EDE-Q in epidemiological studies.

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    • ") were within one standard deviation of HC norms (Zigmond & Snaith, 1983). All EDE-Q scores were within one SD of HC norms (Mond et al.,2005; Fairburn & Beglin, 1994). BMI was not significantly correlated with EDE-Q subscales. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Recent research suggests certain neuropsychological deficits occur in anorexia nervosa (AN). The role of starvation in these deficits remains unclear. Studies of individuals without AN can elucidate our understanding of the effect of short-term starvation on neuropsychological performance. Methods Using a within-subjects repeated measures design, 60 healthy female participants were tested once after fasting for 18 hours, and once when satiated. Measures included two tasks to measure central coherence and a set-shifting task. Results Fasting exacerbated set-shifting difficulties on a rule-change task. Fasting was associated with stronger local and impaired global processing, indicating weaker central coherence. Conclusions Models of AN that propose a central role for set-shifting difficulties or weak central coherence should also consider the impact of short-term fasting on these processes.
    PLoS ONE 10/2014; 9(10). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110743 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    • "g). Several studies have provided normative data for the EDE-Q global score, which provides a useful framework of interpretation (Mond et al., 2006; Ro et al., 2010). A combined SC and WC subscale was strongly related to the g factor and these 11 items may provide a briefer screen of ED pathology for clinicians and researchers in need of an abbreviated version of the EDE-Q. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examined several factor models of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and in particular, whether a nested general factor ('g') was present, hence supporting a common pathology factor. A total of 1094 women were randomly selected by Statistics Norway and mailed a questionnaire packet. The sample was randomly split, using the first half for exploratory analyses and the second for confirmatory validation purposes. A four-factor solution received the best support, but the structure deviated from the original model of Fairburn. The internal consistency was high for the first three factors (.93, .82 and .86) and satisfactory for the fourth (.78). The additional specification of a general (g) factor improved model fit significantly, implying that the EDE-Q scores are indicators of both a general core and four primary symptom patterns. Furthermore, the g was more strongly related to predictors like age and body mass index (BMI) than the four primary factors in a full structural equation model. The validity of interpreting the global EDE-Q score as indicative of g was supported. A brief Shape and Weight Concern subscale of 11 items was strongly related to the g-factor, and may provide an abbreviated measure of overall eating disorder pathology. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    08/2013; 22(3):1-10. DOI:10.1002/mpr.1389
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    • "Purging, OBEs, and SBEs were considered to be present if these behaviors occurred at least weekly. Extreme dietary restriction was defined as going without food for the purpose of influencing weight or shape three or more times per week, and excessive exercise was defined as exercising hard for the purpose of influencing weight or shape at least five times per week (Mond et al., 2006b). The prevalence of each ED feature is shown in Table 1. "
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the relative contribution of different forms of eating disorder (ED) pathology to impairment in mental and physical health-related quality of life (QOL) in women with a wide range of ED symptoms. Female participants from an outpatient ED clinic (n = 53) and the local community (n = 214) completed measures of ED features and mental and physical health-related QOL. Across the sample, ED features were significantly associated with most mental and physical domains of QOL. In multiple regression analyses controlling for age and body mass index, ED features significantly predicted impairment in mental and physical QOL. Extreme shape and weight concern significantly and independently predicted most QOL subscales (β range = 0.19-0.44). The prominent contribution of shape and weight concern to both mental and physical QOL impairment underlines the importance of addressing body dissatisfaction in the treatment and prevention of EDs.
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