Bovine papillomavirus type-2 (BPV-2) infection and expression of uroplakin IIIb, a novel urothelial cell marker, in urinary bladder tumors of cows
ABSTRACT Several immunohistochemical markers have been used to define the differentiation pattern of urothelial cell tumors of the urinary bladder. We investigated the expression of the recently characterized uroplakin (UP) IIIb, an urothelium-specific and differentiation-dependent protein, in 39 urothelial tumors of the urinary bladder in cows that had suffered from chronic enzootic hematuria for several years. Bovine papillomavirus type 2 DNA was amplified and UP IIIb protein was detected in all these tumors. In papillomas and papillary carcinomas, UP IIIb expression was mostly seen as superficial staining; luminal and peripheral patterns were also observed. In nonpapillary carcinomas, UP IIIb appeared to define clearly the cell membrane lining intercellular and intracellular lumina as well as the cell borders in deeper cell layers. In benign and malignant lesions, an intracytoplasmic immunoreactivity was also detected. Coarse intracytoplasmic UP IIIb-positive material close to the nucleus occurred in some malignant cells. Focally strong membraneous immunostaining that marked single cells with complete ringlike peripheral pattern was seen. Although UP IIIb expression does not seem to correlate with the biological behavior of urothelial tumors, it appears to be a highly sensitive marker for bovine urothelial tumors.
SourceAvailable from: Chiara Palmieri[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abnormal heat shock protein (HSP) levels have been observed in a number of human tumours, where they are involved in all hallmarks of cancer. Since bovine urothelial tumours share striking morphological and biochemical features with their human counterparts, the aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical levels of Hsp27, Hsp60, Hsp72, Hsp73 and Hsp90 in 28 normal bovine urinary bladders and 30 bovine papillomavirus-positive urothelial tumours (9 in situ carcinomas, 9 low-grade and 12 high-grade carcinomas) and adjacent premalignant lesions obtained from cows suffering from chronic enzootic haematuria, in order to investigate the role of these proteins in the process of urothelial carcinogenesis. A semi-quantitative method was used for the analysis of the results. Western blot analysis was also used to confirm HSP expression in normal controls. All investigated HSPs were expressed in normal bovine urothelium, showing characteristic patterns of immunolabelling throughout urothelial cell layers, which usually appeared to be conserved in urothelial hyperplasia and dysplasia. On the other hand, gradual loss of Hsp27 immunostaining resulted to be significantly associated with increasing histological grade of malignancy (P < 0.01). As well, a significantly reduced immunosignal of Hsp73 and Hsp90 was observed in high-grade and low-/high-grade carcinomas, respectively (P < 0.01). In contrast, Hsp60 (P < 0.01) and Hsp72 (P < 0.05) immunoreactivity appeared to be significantly increased both in premalignant and malignant lesions when compared to that observed in normal urothelium, thus suggesting an early involvement of these proteins in neoplastic transformation of urinary bladder mucosa.Cell Stress and Chaperones 05/2012; 17(6):683-92. DOI:10.1007/s12192-012-0342-6 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Urothelium, a specialized epithelium, covers the urinary tract and act not only as a barrier separating its light from the surrounding tissues, but fulfills an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of the urothelial tract and well-being of the whole organism. Proper function of urothelium is dependent on the precise assemble of highly specialized glycoproteins called uroplakins, the end products and differentiation markers of the urothelial cells. Glycosylation changes in uroplakins correlate with and might reflect progressive stages of pathological conditions of the urothelium such as cancer, urinary tract infections, interstitial cystitis and others. In this review we focus on sugar components of uroplakins, their emerging role in urothelial biology and disease implications. The advances in our understanding of uroplakins changes in glycan moieties composition, structure, assembly and expression of their glycovariants could potentially lead to the development of targeted therapies and discoveries of novel urine and plasma markers for the benefit of patients with urinary tract diseases.Glycoconjugate Journal 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10719-014-9564-4 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thirty-nine epithelial bladder tumor samples from 37 animals affected with bovine enzootic hematuria (BEH) were selected for immunohistochemical studies. The expression of structural proteins such as uroplakin III (UPIII) and cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and the cell cycle-related proteins cyclin D1 and p53 were evaluated in urothelial papillomas and carcinomas. Loss of UPIII and CK7 expression was seen in both high-grade and high-stage urothelial carcinomas (P < .001 and P < .02). Cyclin D1 expression showed no statistically significant association with grade or stage. In contrast, p53 immunoreactivity was positive in high-grade and high-stage carcinomas (P < .05 and P < .01), confirming its association with the highest malignant behavior of the bladder tumors in BEH.Veterinary Pathology 08/2013; 51(4). DOI:10.1177/0300985813501337 · 2.04 Impact Factor