Performance on neurocognitive tests by co-twins to dementia cases compared to normal control twins.
ABSTRACT Nondemented co-twins of twins who were diagnosed as demented were compared to randomly selected members of normal control twin pairs in which both members of the pair were nondemented. Nondemented co-twins included 23 monozygotic and 62 dizygotic twins; there were 27 normal control twins. Both monozygotic and dizygotic nondemented co-twins of dementia cases scored significantly lower than normal control twins on 5 of 10 cognitive tests. Moreover, monozygotic co-twins of dementia cases had a generally lower score profile than dizygotic co-twins of dementia cases did. These findings show that being at greater genetic risk for dementia is reflected in cognitive performance even in the absence of a diagnosis of dementia.